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Open AccessArticle

Effects of a Motivational Climate on Psychological Needs Satisfaction, Motivation and Commitment in Teen Handball Players

1
Department of Psychological, Pedagogical and Education Sciences, University of Palermo, 90133 Palermo, Italy
2
Department of Physical Activity and Sport, Faculty of Sport Sciences, University of Murcia, Santiago de la Ribera, 30720 Murcia, Spain
3
Sport Sciences School of Rio Maior, Polytechnic Institute of Santarém Research Center in Life Quality (CIEQV), 2040-413 Rio Maior, Portugal
4
Sport Sciences School of Rio Maior, Polytechnic Institute of Santarém Research Center in Sport, Health and Human Development (CIDESD), 2040-413 Rio Maior, Portugal
5
Department of Education, Faculty of Education Sciences, University of Almeria, 04120 Almeria, Spain
6
Health Research Center, University of Almeria, 04120 Almeria, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16(15), 2702; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16152702
Received: 6 July 2019 / Revised: 25 July 2019 / Accepted: 26 July 2019 / Published: 29 July 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Sports and Health)
The aim of this study was to examine the effects of the motivational climate created by the coach and perceived by a group of young high-performance handball players on their sport motivation, self-determination, sport psychological needs and sport commitment. The study participants were 479 young handball players. The age range was 16–17 years old. Players were administered a battery composed of a Perceived Motivational Climate in Sport Questionnaire, Sport Motivation Scale, the Basic Psychological Needs in Exercise Scale and Sport Commitment Questionnaire to measure the above-mentioned theoretical constructs. Results showed that the handball players showed high levels of a task-involving climate, of basic psychological needs satisfaction and of self-determined motivation and commitment. Higher levels of basic psychological needs such as autonomy and competence were associated with a higher task-involving climate, self-determined index and sport commitment (task-involving climate–basic psychological needs (β = 0.55; 95% IC 0.387/0.682; p = 0.001); Ego-involving climate–basic psychological needs (β = 0.06; 95% IC −0.069/0.181; p = 0.387); Basic psychological needs–self-determined index (β = 0.48; 95% IC 0.376/0.571; p = 0.001); Self-determined index–commitment (β = 0.58; 95% IC 0.488/0.663; p = 0.001). The obtained model showed that basic psychological needs mediated the association between a task-involving climate and self-determination, and self-determination mediated the association between basic psychological needs satisfaction and commitment. View Full-Text
Keywords: Coach; self-determined motivation; team sports; sports adherence; performance Coach; self-determined motivation; team sports; sports adherence; performance
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Alesi, M.; Gómez-López, M.; Chicau Borrego, C.; Monteiro, D.; Granero-Gallegos, A. Effects of a Motivational Climate on Psychological Needs Satisfaction, Motivation and Commitment in Teen Handball Players. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16, 2702.

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