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Open AccessArticle

Bone Mineral Density and Bone Turnover Markers in Postmenopausal Women Subjected to an Aqua Fitness Training Program

1
Department of Swimming and Water Lifesaving, Poznan University of Physical Education, Królowej Jadwigi 27/39, 61-871 Poznań, Poland
2
Department of Hygiene, Poznan University of Physical Education, Królowej Jadwigi 27/39, 61-871 Poznań, Poland
3
Department of Rheumatology and Rehabilitation, Poznan University of Medical Sciences, 28 Czerwca 1956 r., 61-545 Poznań, Poland
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16(14), 2505; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16142505
Received: 28 May 2019 / Revised: 9 July 2019 / Accepted: 12 July 2019 / Published: 13 July 2019
(This article belongs to the Collection Potential Risks and Factors of Women's Health Promotion)
The purpose of this study was to analyze the influence of aqua fitness training in deep water on bone tissue. The study was performed with 18 postmenopausal women separated into two groups: training and control groups. Before and after the training program, the hip and spine areal bone mineral density were measured along with the biochemical parameters of serum concentration of osteocalcin (OC) and C-terminal telopeptide of type I collagen (CTX). The most significant effect was found in differences between the two groups of women in terms of femur strength index (p < 0.05) during the period of the training program. The study demonstrated that an aqua fitness training program caused favorable changes in femur strength index in postmenopausal women, and this kind of exercise could be a useful form of physical activity for postmenopausal women. View Full-Text
Keywords: aqua fitness; bone mass; bone metabolism; postmenopausal women aqua fitness; bone mass; bone metabolism; postmenopausal women
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MDPI and ACS Style

Wochna, K.; Nowak, A.; Huta-Osiecka, A.; Sobczak, K.; Kasprzak, Z.; Leszczyński, P. Bone Mineral Density and Bone Turnover Markers in Postmenopausal Women Subjected to an Aqua Fitness Training Program. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16, 2505. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16142505

AMA Style

Wochna K, Nowak A, Huta-Osiecka A, Sobczak K, Kasprzak Z, Leszczyński P. Bone Mineral Density and Bone Turnover Markers in Postmenopausal Women Subjected to an Aqua Fitness Training Program. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2019; 16(14):2505. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16142505

Chicago/Turabian Style

Wochna, Krystian; Nowak, Alicja; Huta-Osiecka, Anna; Sobczak, Katarzyna; Kasprzak, Zbigniew; Leszczyński, Piotr. 2019. "Bone Mineral Density and Bone Turnover Markers in Postmenopausal Women Subjected to an Aqua Fitness Training Program" Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 16, no. 14: 2505. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16142505

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