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Open AccessArticle

The Effect of Environmental Performance on Employment: Evidence from China’s Manufacturing Industries

by Wei Shan 1,2,* and Jingyi Wang 1
1
School of Economics and Management, Beihang University, Beijing 100191, China
2
Key Laboratory of Complex System Analysis and Management Decision, Ministry of Education, Beijing 100191, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16(12), 2232; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16122232
Received: 28 April 2019 / Accepted: 21 June 2019 / Published: 25 June 2019
This research aims to explore the interaction between environmental performance and employment China’s manufacturing industries. Based on the environmental performance of 32 industries in China’s manufacturing industry during 2006–2015, a panel vector autoregressive model was constructed to study the interaction between industry output and employment in clean industries and dirty industries. The dynamic impact and internal transmission mechanism between environmental performance is analyzed. The study found that in the early stage, due to the reduction of production scale, there was a weak and short-term negative correlation effect on employment, and the mutual promotion relationship between economic benefits and employment was unsustainable. In return, employment affects environmental performance, but the effect differs due to the different forms of environmental performance. For dirty industries, the impact of environmental performance on employment through technical effects is more significant and, thus, a win–win situation of ecological environment and employment stability will be achieved. This research has practical significance regarding how to scientifically and effectively carry out environmental regulation and green management. View Full-Text
Keywords: environmental performance; environmental regulation; green innovation; employment; panel vector autoregressive model environmental performance; environmental regulation; green innovation; employment; panel vector autoregressive model
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Shan, W.; Wang, J. The Effect of Environmental Performance on Employment: Evidence from China’s Manufacturing Industries. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16, 2232.

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