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Article

Multicomponent Exercise on Physical Function, Cognition and Hemodynamic Parameters of Community-Dwelling Older Adults: A Quasi-Experimental Study

1
Laboratory of Adipose Tissue Biology, Integrated Group of Biotechnology, University of Mogi das Cruzes, Mogi das Cruzes 08780-911, Brazil
2
School of Physical Education, College UNISUZ, SP 08675-130, Brazil
3
School of Physical Education, University of Campinas, Campinas, SP 13083-851, Brazil
4
Rehabilitation unit, Mãe Mariana Nursing Home, Poá, SP 08562-460, Brazil
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School of Physical Education, Catholic University of Brasília, Brasília 71966-700, Brazil
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School of Arts, Sciences and Humanities, University of São Paulo, São Paulo 03828-000, Brazil
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16(12), 2184; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16122184
Received: 4 April 2019 / Revised: 14 April 2019 / Accepted: 18 April 2019 / Published: 20 June 2019
(This article belongs to the Section Health Care Sciences & Services)
This paper reports on a quasi-experimental study that aimed to identify changes in muscle function (i.e., mobility, maximal walking speed, lower limb muscle strength, balance, and transfer capacity), cognition (i.e., executive function) and hemodynamic parameters of community-dwelling Brazilian older adults during a six-month multicomponent exercise program (MCEP). A total of 436 community-dwelling older adults performed functional, cognitive and hemodynamic assessments before and after a six-month MCEP. The program of exercise was performed twice a week over 26 weeks at moderate intensity. Results indicate that balance, mobility (i.e., usual and maximal walking speeds) and transfer capacity (p < 0.05) were significantly improved after the MCEP. Moreover, all hemodynamic parameters (i.e., systolic, diastolic and mean arterial pressures), except for heart rate (p > 0.05), were significantly reduced after the intervention. The current findings indicate that a six-month MCEP may provide physical and hemodynamic benefits in community-dwelling older adults. Nevertheless, our findings need to be confirmed in larger samples and better designed studies. View Full-Text
Keywords: exercise; aged; rehabilitation; functional tests exercise; aged; rehabilitation; functional tests
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MDPI and ACS Style

Oliveira Gonçalves, I.d.; Bandeira, A.N.; Coelho-Júnior, H.J.; Silva Aguiar, S.d.; Minucci Camargo, S.; Yukio Asano, R.; Batista Júnior, M.L. Multicomponent Exercise on Physical Function, Cognition and Hemodynamic Parameters of Community-Dwelling Older Adults: A Quasi-Experimental Study. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16, 2184. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16122184

AMA Style

Oliveira Gonçalves Id, Bandeira AN, Coelho-Júnior HJ, Silva Aguiar Sd, Minucci Camargo S, Yukio Asano R, Batista Júnior ML. Multicomponent Exercise on Physical Function, Cognition and Hemodynamic Parameters of Community-Dwelling Older Adults: A Quasi-Experimental Study. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2019; 16(12):2184. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16122184

Chicago/Turabian Style

Oliveira Gonçalves, Ivan d., Alexandre N. Bandeira, Hélio J. Coelho-Júnior, Samuel d. Silva Aguiar, Samuel Minucci Camargo, Ricardo Yukio Asano, and Miguel L. Batista Júnior 2019. "Multicomponent Exercise on Physical Function, Cognition and Hemodynamic Parameters of Community-Dwelling Older Adults: A Quasi-Experimental Study" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 16, no. 12: 2184. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16122184

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