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Open AccessArticle

Telemonitoring and Quality of Life in Patients after 12 Months Following a Pacemaker Implant: the Nordland Study, a Randomised Trial

1
Department of Nursing, Physiotherapy and Medicine, Health Research Centre, University of Almeria, 04120 Almeria, Spain
2
Social Involvement of Critical and Emergency Medicine, CTS–609 Research Group, Poniente Hospital, 04700 Almería, Spain
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Division of Medicine, Nordland Hospital, N-8092 Bodø, Norway
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Institute of Clinical Medicine, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Tromsø, N-9037 Tromsø, Norway
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Department of Journalism and Communication, Universidad Carlos III de Madrid, 28903 Madrid, Spain
6
Health Sciences CTS–451 Research Group, University of Almeria, 04120 Almeria, Spain
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16(11), 2001; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16112001
Received: 23 April 2019 / Revised: 27 May 2019 / Accepted: 3 June 2019 / Published: 5 June 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue E-Health Services)
The purpose of this study was to analyse the health-related quality of life (HRQoL) of patients followed up using a remote device-monitoring system (TM) compared to patients followed up through standard outpatient visits (HM), 12 months after the implantation of a pacemaker. This was a trial design that used the EuroQol-5D Questionnaire and the Minnesota Living with Heart Failure Questionnaire (MLHF). The HRQoL of a cohort of 50 consecutive patients randomly allocated to one of the two follow-up modalities was measured at baseline and then during follow-up, 12 months after the pacemaker implantation. Eventually, 23 patients were followed-up through standard outpatient visits, while 23 used a remote monitoring system. Results: The baseline clinical characteristics and health-related quality of life of the patients from both groups were observed to be statistically similar. Twelve months after the pacemaker implantation, both groups showed statistically significant improvements in the baseline parameters based on the MLHF. The patients followed up through hospital visits showed a greater increase in MLHF-HRQoL after 12 months, although the increase was not significantly greater than that of the TM group. Furthermore, the frequencies of emergency visits and re-hospitalisations did not differ between the groups. View Full-Text
Keywords: long term; pacemaker follow-up; quality of life; remote monitoring; telemedicine long term; pacemaker follow-up; quality of life; remote monitoring; telemedicine
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MDPI and ACS Style

López-Liria, R.; López-Villegas, A.; Enebakk, T.; Thunhaug, H.; Lappegård, K.T.; Catalán-Matamoros, D. Telemonitoring and Quality of Life in Patients after 12 Months Following a Pacemaker Implant: the Nordland Study, a Randomised Trial. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16, 2001. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16112001

AMA Style

López-Liria R, López-Villegas A, Enebakk T, Thunhaug H, Lappegård KT, Catalán-Matamoros D. Telemonitoring and Quality of Life in Patients after 12 Months Following a Pacemaker Implant: the Nordland Study, a Randomised Trial. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2019; 16(11):2001. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16112001

Chicago/Turabian Style

López-Liria, Remedios; López-Villegas, Antonio; Enebakk, Terje; Thunhaug, Hilde; Lappegård, Knut T.; Catalán-Matamoros, Daniel. 2019. "Telemonitoring and Quality of Life in Patients after 12 Months Following a Pacemaker Implant: the Nordland Study, a Randomised Trial" Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 16, no. 11: 2001. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16112001

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