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Open AccessArticle

Examining the Impact of Victimization on Girls’ Delinquency: A Study of Direct and Indirect Effects

Omaha Police Department, Omaha, NE 68102, USA
College of Social Work, University of South Carolina, Columbia, SC 29208, USA
School of Criminology and Criminal Justice, University of Nebraska, Omaha, NE 68182, USA
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16(11), 1873;
Received: 1 May 2019 / Revised: 23 May 2019 / Accepted: 25 May 2019 / Published: 28 May 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Child Victimisation)
Previous research has acknowledged that there is a relationship between victimization and later delinquency, but the specific attributes of this relationship are unclear because measures of both direct and indirect victimization are rarely explored in a single study. We included both indirect and direct victimization to examine which form of victimization was a stronger predictor of substance use, fighting, running away, and sex work among girls committed to a juvenile justice facility. Findings indicated that direct victimization was typically a more salient predictor of delinquency than indirect forms of victimization. Further, running away and sex work appear to be unique outcomes that are particularly likely when girls experience direct rather than indirect victimization. Findings are summarized with implications for health and public policy. View Full-Text
Keywords: delinquency; girls; poly-victimization; witnessing violence delinquency; girls; poly-victimization; witnessing violence
MDPI and ACS Style

Peterson, J.; DeHart, D.; Wright, E. Examining the Impact of Victimization on Girls’ Delinquency: A Study of Direct and Indirect Effects. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16, 1873.

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