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Open AccessArticle

The Effects of Locus of Control, Agents of Socialization and Sport Socialization Situations on the Sports Participation of Women in Taiwan

1
Physical Education and Arts School, Chengyi University College, Jimei University, Xiamen 361021, China
2
Department of Leisure Service Management, Chaoyang University of Technology, Taichung 41349, Taiwan
3
Department of Physical Education, Health & Recreation, National Chiayi University, Chiayi 62103, Taiwan
4
Department of Leisure Management, Taiwan Shoufu University, Tainan 72153, Taiwan
5
Department of Physical Education, Health & Recreation, National Chiayi University, Chiayi 62103, Taiwan
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16(10), 1841; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16101841
Received: 8 March 2019 / Revised: 16 May 2019 / Accepted: 20 May 2019 / Published: 23 May 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Health, Exercise and Sports Performance)
Compared to men, the sports participation of women is lower, especially in the East. Not many studies have compared the impacts of locus of control, agents of socialization, and sport socialization situations on the sports participation of women. Hence, the purpose of this study is to explore the contributing factors which may promote the sports participation of women in Taiwan. To do this, 450 structured questionnaires were distributed to women in Chiayi, Taiwan, with an 89.3% return rate. The study found that internal locus of control, agents of socialization, and sport socialization situation had positive impacts on the sports participation of women. In line with these results, the study suggests the strengthening of the internal locus of control of women, making the best use of socialization agents, and improvement of sport socialization situations, in order to promote sports participation in women. View Full-Text
Keywords: personal character; agents of socialization; sports socialization situations; sports participation; women personal character; agents of socialization; sports socialization situations; sports participation; women
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Huang, H.-C.; Liu, L.-W.; Chang, C.-M.; Hsieh, H.-H.; Lu, H.-C. The Effects of Locus of Control, Agents of Socialization and Sport Socialization Situations on the Sports Participation of Women in Taiwan. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16, 1841.

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