- freely available
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16(10), 1780; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16101780
2. Materials and Methods
- The library as a resource for stories: Connecting stories and walking
- The library as a community center: Walking programs without stories
- The library as a community partner: Walking through partnerships
- The library as a walkable destination: Improving walking routes to libraries
3.1. The Library as a Resource for Stories: Connecting Stories and Walking
- Heritage walks
- Walking book clubs
3.1.2. Heritage Walks
3.1.3. Walking Book Clubs
3.2. The Library as a Community Center: Walking Programs without Stories
3.3. Participate in Community Partnerships: The Library as a Community Partner
3.4. Improve Walking Routes to Libraries: The Library as a Walkable Destination
Conflicts of Interest
- These questions ask for some background information on your library. What is the zip code, or postal code, of your library’s physical location?
- If you would like to provide it, what is the name of your library?
- Survey Part 1. This survey first asks about programs or services your library has offered in the past or currently offers in the present. At the end of the survey you will be given the opportunity to discuss programs or services your library is planning, but has not yet offered to the public. Has your library ever offered any programs or services that include (select all that apply)? (Note: Responses to Q3 were carried forward for the remainder of the survey).
- (If “other programs or services” selected, then this question appears) What other movement-based programs or services has your library offered?
- Survey Part 2. You are now invited to participate in the second part of this survey. This part of the survey consists of 16 questions that ask about the administration of the programs and services your library offers, or has offered in the past. It should take about 10 min to complete. Would you like to participate in the second part of this survey?
- These questions ask about the timing of programs and services your library offers, or has offered. [Carried forward programs] first offered by your library:
- Since your library started offering these programs and services, how regularly, on average, has your library offered them to the public? [Carried forward programs] offered:
- On which days and times has your library offered the following [Carried forward programs]? (Select all that apply).
- These questions ask about who these programs/services are for, and also who participates in them. For which audiences are these [Carried forward programs] targeted? (Select all that apply).
- How would you characterize participation levels in these programs? [Carried forward programs] participation:
- This question asks about the reasons your library offers these programs. For each of the programs your library offers, please indicate which of the following are reasons for the program. If multiple reasons, please select multiple responses.
- Please discuss other reasons, if any, your library offers these programs.
- These questions ask about how programs and services in your library relate to other spaces and programs in your service area. Please answer to the best of your ability. Where are your library’s programs and services physically located?
- If you have other information about the location of these programs and services, please record it here.
- Who leads or directs these programs and services? (Select all that apply). [Carried forward programs] led by:
- If your library developed these programs and services with partners (e.g., parks departments, public health departments, YMCAs, etc.), please specify who these partners are here.
- These questions ask about the management and administration of these programs and services. Are these programs/services under the supervision of a particular division of your library? If so, which ones? (Select all that apply). [Carried forward programs] supervised by:
- If needed, please discuss here how these programs and services fit within your organizational hierarchy.
- For the following programs and services, are any of the following ever required? (Select all that apply). [Carried forward programs] sometimes or always require participants:
- How are these programs and services funded? (Select all that apply). [Carried forward programs] funded by:
- How have programs been marketed? (Select all that apply). [Carried forward programs] marketed through:
- How have the programs and services been assessed? (Select all that apply). [Carried forward programs] assessed through:
- What other administrative issues or challenges has your library had to address in organizing these programs and services?
- These questions ask about the impacts of these programs and services. Has the media reported on the fact that your library is offering [Carried forward programs]?
- This question asks about how these programs and services engage your community. Have these [Carried forward programs] brought new users into your library?
- Based on feedback and evidence you have collected, have these [Carried forward programs] contributed to any of the following? (Select all that apply).
- If “other impacts” selected, please discuss them here.
- In the future, does your library plan to provide any programs or services that include? (Select all that apply).
- [If “other programs or services” selected than this question appears] What other movement-based programs or services does your library plan to offer in the future?
- Thank you for taking the time to fill out this survey. If you have additional comments about these programs or services, or about this survey, please record them here.
- If you would like to be entered into the raffle for one of the ten (10) $50 gift certificates from Amazon.com, please record your email address here.
Section 1. StoryWalk Articles
Section 2. Heritage Walk Articles
Section 3. Walking Book Clubs
Section 4. Walking Programs without Stories
Section 5. Walking Partnerships
Section 6. The Library as a Walkable Destination
- Get on board the Walking School Bus starting April 12. Perry Chief. 28 March 2019. Available online: https://www.theperrychief.com/news/20190328/get-on-board-walking-school-bus-starting-april-12 (accessed on 17 April 2019).
- Probasco-Sowers, J. Walking School Bus promotes being active. Perry Living Magazine. January 2018, p. 11. Available online: http://www.dmcityview.com/PerryJanuary2018/html5/index.html?page=1&noflash (accessed on 17 April 2019).
- Perry Public Library Board of Trustees. February 2017 Minutes. 9 February 2017. Available online: https://www.perry.lib.ia.us/library-information/library-board/minutes/022017Minutes/at_download/file (accessed on 17 April 2019).
- Vårheim, A.; Skare, R.; Lenstra, N. Examining libraries as public sphere institutions: Mapping questions, methods, theories, findings, and research gaps. Libr. Inf. Sci. Res. 2019, 41, 12. [Google Scholar] [CrossRef]
- American Library Association. National Impact of Library Public Programs Assessment. 2017. Available online: https://www.imls.gov/sites/default/files/grants/lg-96-17-0048-17/proposals/lg-96-17-0048-17-full-proposal-documents.pdf (accessed on 17 April 2019).
- American Library Association. From Awareness to Funding: Voter Perceptions and Support of Public Libraries in 2018. Available online: https://www.oclc.org/content/dam/oclc/reports/awareness-to-funding-2018/2018_From_Awareness_to_Funding_Report.pdf (accessed on 17 April 2019).
- United States (US) Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Connecting Activity-Friendly Routes to Everyday Destinations. Available online: https://www.cdc.gov/physicalactivity/community-strategies/beactive/downloads/Connecting-Routes-Destinations-visual-guide-508-h.pdf (accessed on 17 April 2019).
- Tilsner, J. Would you believe there are more libraries than Starbucks or McDonald’s? USC News. 28 February 2017. Available online: https://news.usc.edu/116937/would-you-believe-there-are-more-libraries-than-starbucks-or-mcdonalds/ (accessed on 17 April 2019).
- American Public Health Association. Most-Read Public Health News Stories of the Year, 2018. The Nation’s Health. 2018. Available online: http://thenationshealth.aphapublications.org/content/most-read-public-health-news-stories-year-2018 (accessed on 17 April 2019).
- Miller, C.E.; Chandra, A. Measuring progress toward a culture of health…at the library. Health Affairs. 20 November 2018. Available online: https://www.healthaffairs.org/do/10.1377/hblog20181119.551788/full/ (accessed on 20 May 2019). [CrossRef]
- Philbin, M.M.; Parker, C.M.; Flaherty, M.G.; Hirsch, J.S. Public libraries: A community-level resource to advance population health. J. Community Health 2019, 44, 192–199. [Google Scholar] [CrossRef] [PubMed]
- Whiteman, E.D.; Dupuis, R.; Morgan, A.U.; D’Alonzo, B.; Epstein, C.; Klusaritz, H.; Cannuscio, C.C. Peer Reviewed: Public Libraries as Partners for Health. Prev. Chronic Dis. 2018, 15. [Google Scholar] [CrossRef] [PubMed]
- Rubenstein, E. From social hygiene to consumer health: Libraries, health information, and the American public from the late nineteenth century to the 1980s. Libr. Inf. Hist. 2012, 28, 202–219. [Google Scholar] [CrossRef]
- Flaherty, M.G. Promoting Individual and Community Health at the Library; American Library Association Editions: Chicago, IL, USA, 2018; ISBN 978-0-8389-1627-8. [Google Scholar]
- Luo, L. Health information programming in public libraries: A content analysis. Public Libr. Q. 2018, 37, 233–247. [Google Scholar] [CrossRef]
- Lenstra, N. The experiences of public library staff developing programs with physical activities: An exploratory study in North Carolina. Libr. Q. 2018, 88, 142–159. [Google Scholar] [CrossRef]
- American Library Association. PLA, NNLM expand strategic partnership through consumer health programming survey. ALA Member News. 4 September 2019. Available online: http://www.ala.org/news/member-news/2019/04/pla-nnlm-expand-strategic-partnership-through-consumer-health-programming-survey (accessed on 17 April 2019).
- Yarrow, A.; McAllister, S. Trends in mobile and outreach services. Public Libr. Q. 2018, 37, 195–208. [Google Scholar] [CrossRef]
- Jones, L.; Cavanagh, M. Total Number of Public Libraries in Canada by Province or Territory. Available online: https://mfcavanagh.files.wordpress.com/2010/03/total-number-of-public-libraries-in-canada-2012.pdf (accessed on 13 May 2019).
- American Library Association. Number of Libraries in the United States. Available online: https://libguides.ala.org/numberoflibraries (accessed on 13 May 2019).
- Lenstra, N. Movement-based programs in US and Canadian public libraries: Evidence of impacts from an exploratory survey. Evid.-Based Libr. Inf. Pract. 2017, 12, 214–232. [Google Scholar] [CrossRef]
- Institute of Museum and Library Services. Public Libraries Survey. Available online: https://www.imls.gov/research-evaluation/data-collection/public-libraries-survey (accessed on 13 May 2019).
- Friedman, S.; O’Brien, D.; Laurison, D. ‘Like skydiving without a parachute’: How class origin shapes occupational trajectories in British acting. Sociology 2017, 51, 992–1010. [Google Scholar] [CrossRef] [PubMed]
- Beck, S.; Manuel, K. Practical Research Methods for Librarians and Information Professionals; Neal-Schuman Publishers: New York, NY, USA, 2008. [Google Scholar]
- Krippendorff, K. Content Analysis: An Introduction to Its Methodology; Sage publications: New York, NY, USA, 2018. [Google Scholar]
- Charmaz, K. Constructing Grounded Theory: A Practical Guide Through Qualitative Analysis; Sage: Thousand Oaks, CA, USA, 2006; ISBN 978-1-4462-9722-3. [Google Scholar]
- Alaska Native Tribal Health Consortium. Living in Wellness: Special Diabetes Program for Indians. Available online: https://anthc.org/wp-content/uploads/2015/11/ANTHC_Diabetes_FNL_spreads.pdf (accessed on 17 April 2019).
- Kellogg Hubbard Library. StoryWalk®. Available online: http://www.kellogghubbard.org/storywalk (accessed on 13 September 2017).
- StoryWalk Kicks off at Downtown Lewes Businesses. Available online: https://www.capegazette.com/node/170592 (accessed on 2 December 2018).
- Families Invited to Fall StoryWalk in Downtown Boone. Available online: https://www.wataugademocrat.com/community/families-invited-to-fall-storywalk-in-downtown-boone/article_d62358bf-c7bb-5eb3-b69d-c063bf0e460a.html (accessed on 6 November 2018).
- Colby, C. Bringing Literacy to Life. Available online: https://www.baystatebanner.com/2018/10/12/bringing-literacy-to-life/ (accessed on 13 October 2018).
- Gercken, T. Story-Walk to Add Educational Element to Burke Greenway. Available online: https://www.morganton.com/community/story-walk-to-add-educational-element-to-burke-greenway/article_0c64e170-7a33-11e8-ac27-1f0dfad6f804.html (accessed on 29 Jun 2018).
- Curiosity City DPW. StoryWalk. Available online: http://www.curiouscitydpw.com/storywalk/ (accessed on 23 April 2019).
- Barking Dog Exhibits. StoryWalk Solutions. Available online: https://www.bdexhibits.com/blank (accessed on 23 April 2019).
- Schlow Centre Region Library. StoryWalk of Centre County Project Manager. Available online: https://twitter.com/SchlowLibrary/status/1093240605889777664 (accessed on 6 February 2019).
- Molseed, J. Trail and a Tale: Bookworm Walk Returns. Available online: http://www.postbulletin.com/news/local/trail-and-a-tale-bookworm-walk-returns/article_e608b516-5d0d-11e8-84aa-93dd48d55445.html (accessed on 22 May 2018).
- ALSC Liaison with National Organizations. Partnering Through StoryWalks®. Available online: http://www.alsc.ala.org/blog/2016/03/12717/ (accessed on 18 September 2017).
- Everett, L. MJ Children Charmed by “Story Walk”. Available online: http://wilsonpost.com/mj-children-charmed-by-story-walk-cms-89111 (accessed on 14 September 2017).
- Faubion, K.; Boonchaisri, L. Healthy lifestyles with St. Mary’s County Library. Healthy St. Mary’s. Available online: http://healthystmarys.com/wp-content/uploads/2017/09/HSMP-SMCL-Poster.pdf (accessed on 19 April 2019).
- Maki, H. Walking history: Library-led sightseeing tours bring local stories to life. American Libraries. 1 September 2017. Available online: https://americanlibrariesmagazine.org/2017/09/01/walking-history-library-sightseeing-tours/ (accessed on 15 October 2017).
- Boteler, C. Catonsville library prepping for historic walking tour. The Baltimore Sun. 17 May 2019. Available online: http://www.baltimoresun.com/news/maryland/baltimore-county/ph-ca-at-walking-tour-20180913-story.html# (accessed on 17 September 2018).
- Erickson, R. La Crosse Ghost Walking Tours Run Through October. Available online: http://lacrossetribune.com/entertainment/la-crosse-ghost-walking-tours-run-through-october/article_bacbd53e-0b75-542b-b9d5-ed504027217e.html (accessed on 15 May 2018).
- Moon, E. Mapping History in Red Bank. Available online: https://tworivertimes.com/mapping-history-in-red-bank/ (accessed on 4 January 2019).
- Schabbing, D. Annual sculpture walk set June 30 and July 21. Effingham Daily News. 12 June 2018. Available online: http://www.effinghamdailynews.com/news/local_news/annual-sculpture-walk-set-june-and-july/article_bf3d6b2a-85f1-58db-9876-0259b2587944.html (accessed on 13 June 2018).
- Clark, R. New heritage walk shares library’s past. Daily Record. 16 October 2018. Available online: https://www.dailyrecord.co.uk/news/local-news/new-heritage-walk-shares-librarys-13424823 (accessed on 17 May 2019).
- Wurmann, K. Take a Walk! Innovative Programming from Winnipeg Public Library. Partnership 2016, 11. [Google Scholar] [CrossRef][Green Version]
- The Gail Borden Public Library. Book Clubs—Featured Club: The Walking Book Club. Available online: http://www.litlovers.com/featured-clubs/walking (accessed on 1 December 2017).
- Haggard, N.; Henson, D. Gail Borden Public Library: Reaching Forward: Walking Book Club. Available online: www.slideshare.net/gailborden (accessed on 19 October 2018).
- Discuss books, get exercise. Kokomo Tribune. 30 May 2018. Available online: http://www.kokomotribune.com/news/area_briefs/discuss-books-get-exercise/article_7908bdbe-f4e7-5c68-80a7-b8d87d37e517.html (accessed on 2 June 2018).
- Day, C. Inventive book talks at Middletown’s Russell Library lead readers to walks downtown and more. The Middletown Press. Available online: https://www.middletownpress.com/middletown/article/Inventive-book-talks-at-Middletown-s-Russell-13169719.php (accessed on 21 August 2018).
- Library Walk ON: Build Healthier and Happier Communities with Reading. Available online: https://princh.com/library-walk-on-build-healthier-and-happier-communities-with-reading/ (accessed on 30 January 2019).
- Allegheny County Library Association. Highlights from 2008. Available online: http://www.aclalibraries.org/reports/pdf/annual_highlights_2008.pdf (accessed on 19 April 2019).
- Carnegie Library of Pittsburgh. Wise Walk. Available online: https://www.carnegielibrary.org/event/wise-walk/ (accessed on 19 April 2019).
- Voigt, M.J. Wise Walk. Available online: http://www.programminglibrarian.org/programs/wise-walk (accessed on 20 September 2017).
- Central Arkansas Library System. A shared journey to better health at the Dee Brown Library. Central Arkansas Library System. 2019. Available online: https://cals.org/blog/a-shared-journey-to-better-health-at-the-dee-brown-library/ (accessed on 28 August 2018).
- Freed, T. The Maitland Public Library offers a chance to form friendships and healthy habits with its Maitland Walks group. Orange Observer. 4 October 2018. Available online: https://www.orangeobserver.com/article/maitland-walks-group-still-hitting-its-stride-at-maitland-public-library (accessed on 10 October 2018).
- Manitowoc—Two Rivers Travel Information. Library to Library Fun Walk 2017. Available online: http://www.manitowoc.info/event-details/library-library-fun-walk-2017/ (accessed on 3 July 2018).
- Oak Bluffs Library Tackles Trash. Available online: https://www.mvtimes.com/2018/06/06/oak-bluffs-library-tackles-trash/ (accessed on 7 June 2018).
- Weekes, L.; Longair, B. Physical Literacy in the Library at Lethbridge Public Library. Available online: https://bclaconnect.ca/perspectives/2016/01/31/physical-literacy-in-the-library/ (accessed on 26 September 2017).
- Lewis & Clark Library. Walk and Talk: A Bookmobile Book Club. Available online: https://www.lclibrary.org/CivicAlerts.aspx?AID=205 (accessed on 19 April 2019).
- Swiech, P. Walking Book Club Provides Spine for Library’s Fitness Program. Available online: http://www.pantagraph.com/lifestyles/health-med-fit/walking-book-club-provides-spine-for-library-s-fitness-program/article_8ad2cae9-e344-53d8-ab9d-318e68684c10.html (accessed on 15 May 2018).
- Ryder, H.H.; Faloon, K.J.; Lévesque, L.; McDonald, D. Partnering With Libraries to Promote Walking Among Community-Dwelling Adults: A Kingston Gets Active Pilot Pedometer-Lending Project. Health Promot. Pract. 2009, 10, 588–596. [Google Scholar] [CrossRef] [PubMed]
- Jennings, C.A.; Berry, T.R.; Carson, V.; Culos-Reed, S.N.; Duncan, M.J.; Loitz, C.C.; McCormack, G.R.; McHugh, T.-L.F.; Spence, J.C.; Vallance, J.K.; et al. UWALK: The development of a multi-strategy, community-wide physical activity program. Transl. Behav. Med. 2017, 7, 16–27. [Google Scholar] [CrossRef] [PubMed]
- Flaherty, M.; Miller, D. Rural Public Libraries as Community Change Agents: Opportunities for Health Promotion. J. Educ. Libr. Inf. Sci. Online 2016, 57, 143–150. [Google Scholar] [CrossRef]
- Farmville Public Library. Farmville Moves. Available online: https://pixel.facebook.com/events/534912413666207/ (accessed on 19 April 2019).
- Bluebag Media. Worch Library Supports OVA Walk. Available online: https://www.earlybirdpaper.com/worch-library-supports-ova-walk/ (accessed on 18 April 2018).
- Jupitus, J. How to Design Library Programming that Reaches Millennials and Generation X. Available online: http://ideas.demco.com/blog/design-library-programming-reaches-millennials-generation-x/ (accessed on 24 August 2017).
- Cutshall, A. With with a Doc continues today at 6 p.m. eParis Extra. 24 May 2018. Available online: https://eparisextra.com/local-news/walk-with-doc/?fbclid=IwAR0mRLZGRQmmWAA0muPrMm1Cb7k36h33F50mg0RYR0_senO7GzDKV6DpENI (accessed on 19 April 2019).
- Healthy Central Florida. Walk with a Doc. Available online: http://healthycentralflorida.org/walk-with-a-doc-beginning-september-12th/ (accessed on 19 April 2019).
- Denver Public Library. Walk with a Doc. Available online: https://www.denverlibrary.org/event/walk-doc-7 (accessed on 19 April 2019).
- Hollingsworth, E. Gems in our libraries: Mining local resources to provide quality programs in small town libraries. Pac. North West Libr. Assoc. Q. 2014, 79, 66–69. [Google Scholar]
- Carson, J. Library Walking and Running Clubs. Available online: http://www.programminglibrarian.org/blog/library-walking-and-running-clubs (accessed on 20 September 2017).
- Hays, W.; Jenkins, S.; Thomas, S. Around the World in 65,740,092 Steps: Etill County Public Library. Available online: https://kdla.ky.gov/librarians/programs/summerreading/Documents/EstillCoWorldStepsfinal1.pdf (accessed on 26 September 2017).
- Brief: New Galion walking route to be unveiled Friday. Bucyrus Telegraph Forum. 16 May 2018. Available online: https://www.bucyrustelegraphforum.com/story/news/local/2018/05/16/brief-new-galion-walking-route-unveiled-friday/616247002/ (accessed on 17 May 2018).
- Rutherford, J. Seymour Main Street Adding Pedestrian Signs Downtown. Available online: http://www.tribtown.com/2018/03/01/03012018st_walk_your_city_signage/ (accessed on 1 March 2018).
- Plan for ‘safe streets’ presented to Springdale commission. Northwest Arkansas News. 16 January 2019. Available online: https://www.nwaonline.com/news/2019/jan/16/plan-for-safe-streets-presented-2019011/ (accessed on 6 February 2019).
- San Antonio Public Library. Adult Fitness Stations, Playgrounds & Walking Paths at the Library. Available online: https://www.urbanlibraries.org/adult-fitness-stations--playgrounds---walking-paths-at-the-library-innovation-832.php?page_id=171 (accessed on 28 August 2017).
- Cullotta, K.A. Wilmette Public Library grounds get an ‘environmentally-friendly’ makeover. Wilmette Life. 16 April 2019. Available online: https://www.chicagotribune.com/suburbs/wilmette/news/ct-wml-wilmette-library-outdoor-improvements-tl-0418-story.html (accessed on 17 April 2019).
- America Walks. America Walks Announces Community Change Grantees. Available online: https://americawalks.org/america-walks-announces-community-change-grantees/ (accessed on 19 April 2019).
- Lew, S. St Louis County Public Library—Not Just Bingo: Library Services and Programs for Older Adults. Available online: https://nnlm.gov/class/not-just-bingo-library-services-and-programs-older-adults/7962 (accessed on 15 November 2017).
(n = 1157)
|US Libraries |
(n = 16,568)
|Offer Outdoor Walking Programs|
(n = 482)
|Newspaper/Media Source||Trade Publication||Online Blog||Research-Based Source||Total|
|Walking Book Group||3||4||2||9|
© 2019 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland. This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY) license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/).