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Open AccessArticle

Developing a Conceptual Framework for Environmental Health Tracking in Victoria, Australia

1
Environmental Public Health Unit, Environment Protection Authority Victoria, 200 Victoria Street, Carlton, Victoria 3053, Australia
2
School of Public Health, University Centre for Rural Health, The University of Sydney, Sydney 2006, Australia
3
The Centre for Air pollution, energy and health Research (CAR), Woolcock Institute of Medical Research, Sydney 2006, Australia
4
Centre for Research and Action in Public Health, University of Canberra, Canberra 2617, Australia
5
School of Public Health and Preventive Medicine, Monash University, Melbourne 3004, Australia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16(10), 1748; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16101748
Received: 9 April 2019 / Revised: 6 May 2019 / Accepted: 10 May 2019 / Published: 17 May 2019
(This article belongs to the Section Environmental Health)
Victoria’s (Australia) Environment Protection Authority (EPA), the state’s environmental regulator, has recognized the need to develop an Environmental Health Tracking System (EHTS) to better understand environmental health relationships. To facilitate the process of developing an EHTS; a linkage-based conceptual framework was developed to link routinely collected environmental and health data to better understand environmental health relationships. This involved researching and drawing on knowledge from previous similar projects. While several conceptual frameworks have been used to organize data to support the development of an environmental health tracking system, Driving Force–Pressure–State–Exposure–Effect–Action (DPSEEA) was identified as the most broadly applied conceptual framework. Exposure and effects are two important components of DPSEEA, and currently, exposure data are not available for the EHTS. Therefore, DPSEEA was modified to the Driving Force–Pressure–Environmental Condition–Health Impact–Action (DPEHA) conceptual framework for the proposed Victorian EHTS as there is relevant data available for tracking. The potential application of DPEHA for environmental health tracking was demonstrated through case studies. DPEHA will be a useful tool to support the implementation of Victoria’s environmental health tracking system for providing timely and scientific evidence for EPA and other decision makers in developing and evaluating policies for protecting public health and the environment in Victoria. View Full-Text
Keywords: Environment Protection Authority Victoria; environmental health tracking; Driving Force-Pressure-Environmental Condition-Health Impact-Action (DPEHA) conceptual framework; environmental exposure; health effects Environment Protection Authority Victoria; environmental health tracking; Driving Force-Pressure-Environmental Condition-Health Impact-Action (DPEHA) conceptual framework; environmental exposure; health effects
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Edokpolo, B.; Allaz-Barnett, N.; Irwin, C.; Issa, J.; Curtis, P.; Green, B.; Hanigan, I.; Dennekamp, M. Developing a Conceptual Framework for Environmental Health Tracking in Victoria, Australia. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16, 1748.

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