Modeling of High Nanoparticle Exposure in an Indoor Industrial Scenario with a One-Box Model
AbstractMass balance models have proved to be effective tools for exposure prediction in occupational settings. However, they are still not extensively tested in real-world scenarios, or for particle number concentrations. An industrial scenario characterized by high emissions of unintentionally-generated nanoparticles (NP) was selected to assess the performance of a one-box model. Worker exposure to NPs due to thermal spraying was monitored, and two methods were used to calculate emission rates: the convolution theorem, and the cyclic steady state equation. Monitored concentrations ranged between 4.2 × 104–2.5 × 105 cm−3. Estimated emission rates were comparable with both methods: 1.4 × 1011–1.2 × 1013 min−1 (convolution) and 1.3 × 1012–1.4 × 1013 min−1 (cyclic steady state). Modeled concentrations were 1.4-6 × 104 cm−3 (convolution) and 1.7–7.1 × 104 cm−3 (cyclic steady state). Results indicated a clear underestimation of measured particle concentrations, with ratios modeled/measured between 0.2–0.7. While both model parametrizations provided similar results on average, using convolution emission rates improved performance on a case-by-case basis. Thus, using cyclic steady state emission rates would be advisable for preliminary risk assessment, while for more precise results, the convolution theorem would be a better option. Results show that one-box models may be useful tools for preliminary risk assessment in occupational settings when room air is well mixed. View Full-Text
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Ribalta, C.; Koivisto, A.J.; Salmatonidis, A.; López-Lilao, A.; Monfort, E.; Viana, M. Modeling of High Nanoparticle Exposure in an Indoor Industrial Scenario with a One-Box Model. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16, 1695.
Ribalta C, Koivisto AJ, Salmatonidis A, López-Lilao A, Monfort E, Viana M. Modeling of High Nanoparticle Exposure in an Indoor Industrial Scenario with a One-Box Model. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2019; 16(10):1695.Chicago/Turabian Style
Ribalta, Carla; Koivisto, Antti J.; Salmatonidis, Apostolos; López-Lilao, Ana; Monfort, Eliseo; Viana, Mar. 2019. "Modeling of High Nanoparticle Exposure in an Indoor Industrial Scenario with a One-Box Model." Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 16, no. 10: 1695.
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