Patients’ Anticipation for the Pharmacies of Rural Communities: A Qualitative Study from Pakistan
AbstractBackground: Community pharmacies are an integrated part of healthcare systems worldwide. In low and middle income countries like Pakistan, the paradigm of pharmacy practice is shifting from dispensing medicines to clinical activities. There are disparities in these practices according to location. Pharmacies in urban localities are better than those in rural areas. This qualitative study was conducted to explore patients’ expectations and current practices in rural pharmacies. Methods: A cohort of adult pharmacy visitors (aged > 18 years) that reside in rural community was selected. Consenting participants were recruited by purposive sampling technique until thematic saturation level was achieved. A total of 34 patients were interviewed. Face-to-face interviews were conducted using a semi structured interview guide. All the data were transcribed and used to originate the themes. Results: On analysis, a total of 20 themes were obtained. Sixteen themes pronounced the current provided services. Four themes provided some suggestions for the development of better pharmacies. On call services to provide medicines, limited free extended pharmacy services, interest in patients’ wellbeing, appropriate referral, vaccination, free medical camp, medical services at home, first aid, and counseling were appreciated by patients. Patients stated that medicines are inappropriately stored in unhygienic conditions, prices of medicines are comparatively high, and medicines are substandard. Unavailability of medicines, inept dispensing, limited staffing with poor knowledge, limited working hours, and quackery promotion are challenges in rural pharmacy practice. Patients say that non marginal pricing, informative services, new legislation, and proper vigilance by officials can improve the pharmacy services in rural communities. Conclusions: Patients alleged that rural pharmacies perform deprived practices. To improve service, new legislation and the proper implementation of existing law is needed. View Full-Text
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Aziz, M.M.; Jiang, M.; Masood, I.; Chang, J.; Zhu, S.; Raza, M.A.; Ji, W.; Yang, C.; Fang, Y. Patients’ Anticipation for the Pharmacies of Rural Communities: A Qualitative Study from Pakistan. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16, 143.
Aziz MM, Jiang M, Masood I, Chang J, Zhu S, Raza MA, Ji W, Yang C, Fang Y. Patients’ Anticipation for the Pharmacies of Rural Communities: A Qualitative Study from Pakistan. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2019; 16(1):143.Chicago/Turabian Style
Aziz, Muhammad M.; Jiang, Minghuan; Masood, Imran; Chang, Jie; Zhu, Shan; Raza, Muhammad A.; Ji, Wenjing; Yang, Caijun; Fang, Yu. 2019. "Patients’ Anticipation for the Pharmacies of Rural Communities: A Qualitative Study from Pakistan." Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 16, no. 1: 143.
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