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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16(1), 128; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16010128

Perceptions of Chinese Towards Dementia in Hong Kong—Diagnosis, Symptoms and Impacts

1
Department of Family Medicine and Primary Care, The University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong, China
2
Department of Medicine, The University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong, China
3
Department of Statistics and Actuarial Science, The University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong, China
4
School of Medicine and Public Health, The University of Newcastle, Callaghan 2308, Australia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 30 November 2018 / Revised: 2 January 2019 / Accepted: 3 January 2019 / Published: 5 January 2019
(This article belongs to the Section Global Health)
Full-Text   |   PDF [298 KB, uploaded 5 January 2019]   |   Review Reports

Abstract

The increasing prevalence of dementia has become a public health issue worldwide including China. This study aims to explore the perception of Chinese in Hong Kong towards the diagnosis, symptoms and impacts of dementia. A cross-sectional survey was conducted among outpatients (without diagnosed dementia) attending a regional public hospital using a standard questionnaire. The results from 290 respondents showed that most preferred to be told about the diagnosis of dementia as soon as possible if they got it, in order to deal with the news and to access treatment and support early. Nearly two thirds of the respondents perceived practical issues (61.3%), physical health (61.0%), and emotional distress (58.4%) as their most fearful impacts, while legal issues (7.4%) were their least concerns. Family history/genes (79.1%) and brain injury (75.9%) were the most commonly perceived causes of dementia. For symptoms, respondents were more likely to identify cognitive impairments than undesirable behaviours. The accepting and proactive attitudes of the public indicate that there is a timely need of more public education about the disease, early screening and better continuity of care to fulfil the anticipated increase of the dementia patient population. View Full-Text
Keywords: Chinese; dementia; diagnosis; knowledge; perception; symptoms Chinese; dementia; diagnosis; knowledge; perception; symptoms
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
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Lam, T.P.; Sun, K.S.; Chan, H.Y.; Lau, C.S.; Lam, K.F.; Sanson-Fisher, R. Perceptions of Chinese Towards Dementia in Hong Kong—Diagnosis, Symptoms and Impacts. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16, 128.

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