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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2018, 15(9), 1920;

Daily Effect of Recovery on Exhaustion: A Cross-Level Interaction Effect of Workaholism

Psychology Department, University of Turin, Via Verdi 10, 10124 Turin, Italy
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 27 July 2018 / Revised: 23 August 2018 / Accepted: 1 September 2018 / Published: 4 September 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Emerging Issues in Occupational Safety and Health)
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Workaholics generally allocate an excessive amount of time and energy to their work at the expense of having time for recovery from work. Nevertheless, a complete recovery is an essential prerequisite for well-being. This study examines the moderating role of workaholism in the relationship between daily recovery and daily exhaustion. Data were collected among 95 participants who completed a general questionnaire and a diary booklet for five consecutive working days. Multilevel analysis results confirmed a cross-level interaction effect of workaholism, showing that the negative relationship between recovery and exhaustion at the daily level is weaker for those with a high (versus low) level of workaholism. These insights suggest the promotion of interventions aimed at addressing workaholism among workers, and the design of projects able to stimulate recovery from work, particularly for workaholics. View Full-Text
Keywords: workaholism; recovery; exhaustion; work-related diseases; diary study workaholism; recovery; exhaustion; work-related diseases; diary study

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Molino, M.; Cortese, C.G.; Ghislieri, C. Daily Effect of Recovery on Exhaustion: A Cross-Level Interaction Effect of Workaholism. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2018, 15, 1920.

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