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Home- and Car-Based Rules in Foster Care Settings to Reduce Exposure to Secondhand Smoke: Before and after Romanian National Clean Air Legislation
Open AccessArticle

Factors Affecting Secondhand Smoke Avoidance Behavior of Vietnamese Adolescents

1
College of Nursing, Yonsei University, Seoul 03722, Korea
2
Department of Nursing, Korean Bible University, Seoul 01757, Korea
3
College of Nursing, Mo-Im Kim Nursing Research Institute, Yonsei University, Seoul 03722, Korea
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2018, 15(8), 1632; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph15081632
Received: 19 June 2018 / Revised: 17 July 2018 / Accepted: 31 July 2018 / Published: 2 August 2018
The purpose of this study was to examine the stage of secondhand smoke avoidance behavior of adolescents in rural areas of Vietnam and the related factors affecting such behavior. The participants were recruited from two middle schools located in Hai Thuong and Trieu Trach commune, Vietnam. Data were collected in January 2016 by distributing and collecting a self-administrated questionnaire. The collected data were analyzed (n = 166) using SPSS 21.0 for frequency, percentage, and ordinal logistic regression. The largest proportion of secondhand smoke avoidance behavior was classified in maintenance (41.6%), followed by action (19.9%), preparation (15.1%), pre-contemplation (13.3%), and contemplation (10.2%) stages. The factors related to higher secondhand smoke avoidance behavior were higher self-efficacy (p = 0.003) and more frequent discussion with parents about dangers of smoking (p = 0.001). The findings indicated that self-efficacy of avoiding secondhand smoke and discussion with parents were associated with secondhand smoke avoidance behavior of adolescents. These findings can be used for developing education programs to prevent secondhand smoke for adolescents in Vietnam. View Full-Text
Keywords: secondhand smoke; avoidance behavior; adolescent; Vietnam secondhand smoke; avoidance behavior; adolescent; Vietnam
MDPI and ACS Style

Lee, J.-Y.; Ahn, H.; Lee, H. Factors Affecting Secondhand Smoke Avoidance Behavior of Vietnamese Adolescents. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2018, 15, 1632.

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