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Open AccessArticle

The Transition from Occupational Safety and Health (OSH) Interventions to OSH Outcomes: An Empirical Analysis of Mechanisms and Contextual Factors within Small and Medium-Sized Enterprises

Department of Management, Economics and Industrial Engineering, Politecnico di Milano, Piazza Leonardo da Vinci, 32, 20133 Milan, Italy
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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2018, 15(8), 1621; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph15081621
Received: 3 July 2018 / Revised: 27 July 2018 / Accepted: 27 July 2018 / Published: 31 July 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Emerging Issues in Occupational Safety and Health)
Many Occupational Safety and Health (OSH) interventions have proven to be effective only under controlled conditions; during the implementation in practice, the interventions may not work as expected, especially in small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs). SMEs are affected by different contextual factors than larger enterprises and these factors can influence the outcome of the OSH programs. Three different phases of an OSH intervention (design, implementation, and control) have been considered. The aim of this research is to understand what are the mechanisms by which an OSH intervention works or does not work as expected, together with barriers and drivers, and the related contextual factors. The research was designed following multiple case study research, which enables an in depth understanding of the intervention process and the identification of the most relevant factors for OSH. Data were collected through interviews with owner-managers or OSH managers of SMEs. Finally, the data were analysed through an analytical research framework that enabled the identification of the main mechanisms and contextual factors for the interventions that had an expected outcome and for those which had an unexpected outcome. View Full-Text
Keywords: OSH; interventions; mechanisms; contextual factors; barriers; drivers; SMEs OSH; interventions; mechanisms; contextual factors; barriers; drivers; SMEs
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MDPI and ACS Style

Micheli, G.J.L.; Cagno, E.; Calabrese, A. The Transition from Occupational Safety and Health (OSH) Interventions to OSH Outcomes: An Empirical Analysis of Mechanisms and Contextual Factors within Small and Medium-Sized Enterprises. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2018, 15, 1621.

AMA Style

Micheli GJL, Cagno E, Calabrese A. The Transition from Occupational Safety and Health (OSH) Interventions to OSH Outcomes: An Empirical Analysis of Mechanisms and Contextual Factors within Small and Medium-Sized Enterprises. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2018; 15(8):1621.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Micheli, Guido J.L.; Cagno, Enrico; Calabrese, Antonio. 2018. "The Transition from Occupational Safety and Health (OSH) Interventions to OSH Outcomes: An Empirical Analysis of Mechanisms and Contextual Factors within Small and Medium-Sized Enterprises" Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 15, no. 8: 1621.

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