Next Article in Journal
What Are the Net Benefits of Reducing the Ozone Standard to 65 ppb? An Alternative Analysis
Previous Article in Journal
Mercury Contamination in Riverine Sediments and Fish Associated with Artisanal and Small-Scale Gold Mining in Madre de Dios, Peru
Open AccessArticle

Household Food Insecurity and Mental Health Among Teenage Girls Living in Urban Slums in Varanasi, India: A Cross-Sectional Study

1
Department of Community Medicine, Institute of Medical Sciences, Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi 221005, India
2
Department of Community Medicine and Public Health, Janaki Medical College, Tribhuvan University, Janakpur 44618, Nepal
3
Department of Preventive Medicine, College of Medicine, Dongguk University, Gyeongju 04620, Korea
4
Department of Community Medicine and Public Health, Institute of Medicine, Tribhuvan University, Kathmandu 44600, Nepal
5
Department of Community Medicine, Kathmandu University, Devdaha. Medical College and Research Institute, Rupandehi 32907, Nepal
6
Health Foundation Nepal (HFN), Kathmandu 44600, Nepal
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Authors contributed equally as joint first author.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2018, 15(8), 1585; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph15081585
Received: 11 June 2018 / Revised: 20 July 2018 / Accepted: 20 July 2018 / Published: 26 July 2018
This study was undertaken to investigate the relation between household food insecurity and mental health problems in teenage girls living in urban slums. This community-based cross-sectional study was conducted in 5 urban slums in Varanasi, India, between September 2016 and July 2017. A probability proportion to size (PPS) method was employed to select 5 of 210 urban slums at a first stage, and in the second stage, 418 teenage girls were chosen randomly from selected households. The Household Food Insecurity Access Scale (HFIAS) and mental health inventory tools were employed to assess food insecurity and mental health status. Multivariable logistic regression analysis with at a 95% confidence interval (CI) was used to assess the association between household food insecurity and mental health status. Of 418 respondents, 47.6% were food insecure; 64.1%, 57.7%, and 58.4% had high levels of anxiety, depression, or psychological distress, respectively; and 57.2% exhibited a medium level of loss of behavioral control. Furthermore, teenage girls from food insecure households were more likely to have high levels of anxiety, depression, loss of behavioral control and psychological distress than those living in food secure households. This study shows food insecurity is independently associated with mental health problems among teenage girls. Food insecurity in Indian slums should be addressed by specific public health intervention programs that provide access to sufficient safe, nutritious food. View Full-Text
Keywords: cross-sectional study; household food insecurity; mental health; teenage girls; urban slums; India cross-sectional study; household food insecurity; mental health; teenage girls; urban slums; India
MDPI and ACS Style

Rani, D.; Singh, J.K.; Acharya, D.; Paudel, R.; Lee, K.; Singh, S.P. Household Food Insecurity and Mental Health Among Teenage Girls Living in Urban Slums in Varanasi, India: A Cross-Sectional Study. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2018, 15, 1585.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop