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Open AccessArticle

Physical Activity and Physical Fitness of Adults with Intellectual Disabilities in Group Homes in Hong Kong

1
Department of Physical Education, Hong Kong Baptist University, Kowloon Tong, Hong Kong
2
Department of Sports and Recreation Management, Technological and Higher Education Institute of Hong Kong, Chai Wan, Hong Kong
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2018, 15(7), 1370; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph15071370
Received: 29 May 2018 / Revised: 27 June 2018 / Accepted: 27 June 2018 / Published: 29 June 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Health Impact of 24-Hour Movement Behaviour and Time Use)
Adults with intellectual disabilities (ID) typically have a sedentary lifestyle and higher rates of overweight and obesity. This study describes the habitual daily physical activity (PA) and the health-related physical fitness (PF) of adults with mild and moderate ID who resided in four group homes and worked in sheltered workshops. We also assessed the contribution of PF variables towards PA levels and sedentary behavior of this population subgroup. Adults with mild and moderate ID (N = 114) were assessed on PF tests (percent body fat, waist and hip circumferences, 6-min walk (6MWT), arm curl, and sit and reach). PA and sedentary behavior on weekdays were determined using Actigraph accelerometers. Results showed these adults averaged 2% of their daily time (or 10 min) engaged in moderate-to-vigorous PA (MVPA) and 67% of the time (495 min) being sedentary. No significant differences between mild and moderate ID were found for any PA or PF variable. Linear multiple regression analyses showed 6MWT to be the only significant PF variable contributing to the variance of PA and sedentary behavior. In conclusion, adults with ID reside in group home have low PA and low fitness levels. Among fitness variables, the walking test (i.e., cardiovascular fitness) had the highest positive association with participants’ daily PA, MVPA, and negative association with sedentary behavior. Future intervention studies in promoting PA and fitness for adults with ID are warranted. View Full-Text
Keywords: physical activity; physical fitness; adults; intellectual disabilities; group home physical activity; physical fitness; adults; intellectual disabilities; group home
MDPI and ACS Style

Chow, B.C.; Choi, P.H.N.; Huang, W.Y.J. Physical Activity and Physical Fitness of Adults with Intellectual Disabilities in Group Homes in Hong Kong. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2018, 15, 1370.

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