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Patterns of Harmful Alcohol Consumption among Truck Drivers: Implications for Occupational Health and Work Safety from a Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis

1
Department of Health Sciences (DISSAL), Postgraduate School of Occupational Medicine, University of Genoa, Genoa 16132, Italy
2
Occupational Medicine Unit, Policlinico San Martino Hospital, 16132 Genoa, Italy
3
Occupational Medical Service, Local Health Unit 1, Liguria Regional Healthcare System, 18038 Imperia, Italy
4
Department of Neuroscience, Rehabilitation, Ophthalmology, Genetics, Maternal and Child Health (DINOGMI), University of Genoa, 16132 Genoa, Italy
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2018, 15(6), 1121; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph15061121
Received: 2 May 2018 / Revised: 25 May 2018 / Accepted: 28 May 2018 / Published: 30 May 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Workplace Health Promotion 2018)
Alcohol consumption is one of the main causes of productivity losses arising from absenteeism, presenteeism, and workplace injuries. Among occupational categories most affected by the use of this substance, truck drivers are subject to risk factors and risky behaviors that can have a serious impact on their health, their work, and the general road safety. The use of alcohol during truck-driving activities is, indeed, an important risk factor for traffic accidents. The present systematic review and meta-analysis aims at synthesizing the literature regarding harmful alcohol consumption patterns among truck drivers in a rigorous way. A ‘binge drinking’ prevalence of 19.0%, 95% confidence interval or CI (13.1, 26.9) was present. An ‘everyday drinking’ pattern rate of 9.4%, 95% CI (7.0, 12.4) was found, while the rate of alcohol misuse according to the “Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test” (AUDIT)—“Cut down-Annoyed-Guilty-Eye opener questionnaire” (CAGE) instruments was computed to be of 22.7%, 95% CI (14.8, 33.0). No evidence of publication bias could be found. However, there is the need to improve the quality of published research, utilizing standardized reliable instruments. The knowledge of these epidemiological data can be useful for decision makers in order to develop, design, and implement ad hoc adequate policies. View Full-Text
Keywords: harmful use of alcohol; truck-drivers; occupational health and well-being; systematic review and meta-analysis harmful use of alcohol; truck-drivers; occupational health and well-being; systematic review and meta-analysis
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Bragazzi, N.L.; Dini, G.; Toletone, A.; Rahmani, A.; Montecucco, A.; Massa, E.; Manca, A.; Guglielmi, O.; Garbarino, S.; Debarbieri, N.; Durando, P. Patterns of Harmful Alcohol Consumption among Truck Drivers: Implications for Occupational Health and Work Safety from a Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2018, 15, 1121.

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