Next Article in Journal
Stress-Induced and Diabetic Hyperglycemia Associated with Higher Mortality among Intensive Care Unit Trauma Patients: Cross-Sectional Analysis of the Propensity Score-Matched Population
Previous Article in Journal
The Work Ability of Hong Kong Construction Workers in Relation to Individual and Work-Related Factors
Article

The Mediating Effect of Regulatory Emotional Self-Efficacy on the Association between Self-Esteem and School Bullying in Middle School Students: A Cross-Sectional Study

1
Department of Public Health, Xi’an Jiaotong University Health Science Center, Xi’an 710061, China
2
Xi’an Tieyi High School, Xi’an 710061, China
3
Department of Medicine, Graduate School of Medicine, University of Tennessee Medical Center, Knoxville, TN 37920, USA
4
Nursing Department, Xian Yang Central Hospital, Xianyang 712000, China
5
Faculty of Medicine, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Shatin 999077, Hong Kong, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2018, 15(5), 991; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph15050991
Received: 22 March 2018 / Revised: 2 May 2018 / Accepted: 11 May 2018 / Published: 15 May 2018
School bullying is negatively associated with self-esteem, but psychological mediators of bullying have yet to be clarified. We examined regulatory emotional self-efficacy (RESE) as a possible mediator in the association between self-esteem and school bullying. A cross-sectional study of 995 adolescents was conducted in two middle schools of Xi’an. All of the participants completed the Chinese version of the School Bullying Experience Questionnaire (C-SBEQ), Self-Esteem Scale (SES), and Regulatory Emotional Self-Efficacy Scale (RESE). Descriptive statistics analysis, the bias corrected percentile Bootstrap CI method, and structural equation modelling were used to analyze the data. The results showed that 418 students (42.0%) reported that they were involved in school bullying in the past year. Self-esteem was negatively associated with school bullying (total effect: β = −0.275, 95% CI = −0.381–−0.034), and RESE mediated the association between self-esteem and school bullying (indirect effect: β = −0.136, 95% CI = −0.245–−0.037). Furthermore, self-esteem had an indirect effect through perceived self-efficacy in managing negative affect, while self-esteem had no indirect effect through self-efficacy in the expression of positive affect. The present study suggests that school authorities and the related education departments should not only focus on improving students’ self-esteem, but should also pay more attention to students’ RESE, in order to mitigate, and potentially reduce, the occurrence of bullying. View Full-Text
Keywords: school bullying; self-esteem; regulatory emotional self-efficacy; mediating effect school bullying; self-esteem; regulatory emotional self-efficacy; mediating effect
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Wang, X.; Zhang, Y.; Hui, Z.; Bai, W.; Terry, P.D.; Ma, M.; Li, Y.; Cheng, L.; Gu, W.; Wang, M. The Mediating Effect of Regulatory Emotional Self-Efficacy on the Association between Self-Esteem and School Bullying in Middle School Students: A Cross-Sectional Study. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2018, 15, 991. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph15050991

AMA Style

Wang X, Zhang Y, Hui Z, Bai W, Terry PD, Ma M, Li Y, Cheng L, Gu W, Wang M. The Mediating Effect of Regulatory Emotional Self-Efficacy on the Association between Self-Esteem and School Bullying in Middle School Students: A Cross-Sectional Study. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2018; 15(5):991. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph15050991

Chicago/Turabian Style

Wang, Xiaoqin, Yue Zhang, Zhaozhao Hui, Wanyue Bai, Paul D. Terry, Mei Ma, Yang Li, Li Cheng, Wei Gu, and Mingxu Wang. 2018. "The Mediating Effect of Regulatory Emotional Self-Efficacy on the Association between Self-Esteem and School Bullying in Middle School Students: A Cross-Sectional Study" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 15, no. 5: 991. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph15050991

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop