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Open AccessArticle

Can Periodical Examinations of Employees Be Useful in Detection of Glycaemia Impairment and Improving Patients’ Adherence to Medical Recommendations?

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Department of Occupational Diseases and Environmental Health, Nofer Institute of Occupational Medicine, 91-348 Łódź, Poland
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Department of Environmental Epidemiology, Nofer Institute of Occupational Medicine, 91-348 Łódź, Poland
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2018, 15(4), 638; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph15040638
Received: 3 March 2018 / Revised: 27 March 2018 / Accepted: 27 March 2018 / Published: 30 March 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Workplace Health Promotion 2018)
Worldwide epidemiological data indicates insufficient diagnosis of diabetes as an increasing public health problem. In the search for solutions to this disadvantageous situation, occupational medicine health services seem to open up a unique opportunity to recognize some abnormalities in the early stages, especially among the asymptomatic working-age population. 316 workers underwent obligatory prophylactic examinations. In patients with twice assayed FGL ≥ 126 mg/dL (7.0 mmol/L) an additional intervention was implemented, including further diagnostic processes and therapy in General Practice (GP), followed by examination by an occupational health specialist within 3 months. The diagnosis of previously unknown diabetes was established among 2.5% of examined workers. All patients referred to the GP due to detected glycaemia impairment visited their doctor and finished the diagnostic process, took up therapy constrained by the occupational health physician to show the effects of intervention within 3 months. Prophylactic medical check-ups allow improved compliance and medical surveillance over glycaemia impairment in patients with prediabetes states, unknown diabetes or uncontrolled clinical course of diabetes. Considering fasting glucose level during mandatory prophylactic examination helps effective prevention of diabetes and its complications and thus provides public health system benefits. View Full-Text
Keywords: occupational health; diabetes; glycaemia impairment; impaired fasting glucose; adherence; compliance occupational health; diabetes; glycaemia impairment; impaired fasting glucose; adherence; compliance
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Marcinkiewicz, A.; Hanke, W.; Kałużny, P.; Lipińska-Ojrzanowska, A.; Wiszniewska, M.; Walusiak-Skorupa, J. Can Periodical Examinations of Employees Be Useful in Detection of Glycaemia Impairment and Improving Patients’ Adherence to Medical Recommendations? Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2018, 15, 638.

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