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Open AccessFeature PaperArticle

Evaluating Community Partnerships Addressing Community Resilience in Los Angeles, California

1
RAND Corporation, Santa Monica, CA 90401, USA
2
RAND Corporation, Arlington, VA 22202, USA
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School of Public Affairs, University of Colorado Denver, P.O. Box 173364, Denver, CO 80217, USA
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West Los Angeles VA Healthcare Center, Los Angeles, CA 90073, USA
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Department of Psychiatry and Biobehavioral Sciences, David Geffen School of Medicine at UCLA, Los Angeles, CA 90095, USA
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Center for Public Health and Disasters, UCLA Fielding School of Public Health, Los Angeles, CA 90095, USA
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Robert Wood Johnson Foundation, Princeton, NJ 08540, USA
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Division of General Internal Medicine, David Geffen School of Medicine at UCLA, Los Angeles, CA 90095, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2018, 15(4), 610; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph15040610
Received: 20 February 2018 / Revised: 19 March 2018 / Accepted: 23 March 2018 / Published: 27 March 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Public Health and Disasters)
Community resilience has grown in importance in national disaster response and recovery efforts. However, measurement of community resilience, particularly the content and quality of relationships aimed at improving resilience, is lacking. To address this gap, we used a social network survey to measure the number, type, and quality of relationships among organizations participating in 16 coalitions brought together to address community resilience in the Los Angeles Community Disaster Resilience project. These coalitions were randomized to one of two approaches (community resilience or preparedness). Resilience coalitions received training and support to develop these partnerships and implement new activities. Both coalition types received expert facilitation by a public health nurse or community educator. We also measured the activities each coalition engaged in and the extent to which partners participated in these activities at two time points. We found that the community resilience coalitions were initially larger and had lower trust among members than the preparedness communities. Over time, these trust differences dissipated. While both coalitions grew, the resilience community coalitions maintained their size difference throughout the project. We also found differences in the types of activities implemented by the resilience communities; these differences were directly related to the trainings provided. This information is useful to organizations seeking guidance on expanding the network of community-based organizations that participate in community resilience activities. View Full-Text
Keywords: community resilience; disaster preparedness; community coalitions; social network analysis; public health nursing; disaster risk reduction; public health practice community resilience; disaster preparedness; community coalitions; social network analysis; public health nursing; disaster risk reduction; public health practice
MDPI and ACS Style

Williams, M.V.; Chandra, A.; Spears, A.; Varda, D.; Wells, K.B.; Plough, A.L.; Eisenman, D.P. Evaluating Community Partnerships Addressing Community Resilience in Los Angeles, California. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2018, 15, 610.

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