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Open AccessArticle

Case Study of Airborne Pathogen Dispersion Patterns in Emergency Departments with Different Ventilation and Partition Conditions

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Department of Architectural Engineering, Gyeongnam National University of Science and Technology, Jinju 52725, Korea
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Department of Nursing, Gyeongnam National University of Science and Technology, Jinju 52725, Korea
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Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2018, 15(3), 510; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph15030510
Received: 30 December 2017 / Revised: 2 March 2018 / Accepted: 10 March 2018 / Published: 13 March 2018
The prevention of airborne infections in emergency departments is a very important issue. This study investigated the effects of architectural features on airborne pathogen dispersion in emergency departments by using a CFD (computational fluid dynamics) simulation tool. The study included three architectural features as the major variables: increased ventilation rate, inlet and outlet diffuser positions, and partitions between beds. The most effective method for preventing pathogen dispersion and reducing the pathogen concentration was found to be increasing the ventilation rate. Installing partitions between the beds and changing the ventilation system’s inlet and outlet diffuser positions contributed only minimally to reducing the concentration of airborne pathogens. View Full-Text
Keywords: airborne pathogen; emergency department; CFD simulation; ventilation; partition airborne pathogen; emergency department; CFD simulation; ventilation; partition
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Cheong, C.H.; Lee, S. Case Study of Airborne Pathogen Dispersion Patterns in Emergency Departments with Different Ventilation and Partition Conditions. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2018, 15, 510.

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