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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2018, 15(3), 507; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph15030507

Evaluation of Regional Vulnerability to Disasters by People of Ishikawa, Japan: A Cross Sectional Study Using National Health Insurance Data

1
Faculty of Environmental Design, Institute of Science and Engineering, Kanazawa University, Kanazawa 920-1192, Japan
2
Division of Environmental Design, Graduate School of Natural Science and Technology, Kanazawa University, Kanazawa 920-1192, Japan
3
Faculty of Health Sciences, Institute of Medical, Pharmaceutical and Health Sciences, Kanazawa University, Kanazawa 920-0942, Japan
4
Faculty of Economics and Management, Institute of Human and Social Sciences, Kanazawa University, Kanazawa 920-1192, Japan
5
Organization of Frontier Science and Innovation, Kanazawa University, Kanazawa 920-1192, Japan
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 4 January 2018 / Revised: 14 February 2018 / Accepted: 14 February 2018 / Published: 13 March 2018
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Abstract

The 2013 Partial Amendment of the Disaster Countermeasures Basic Law mandated that a roster of vulnerable persons during disasters be created, and further development of evacuation support is expected. In this study, the number of vulnerable people living in target analytical areas are identified in terms of neighborhood units by using the National Health Insurance Database to create a realistic and efficient evacuation support plan. Later, after considering the “vulnerability” of an area to earthquake disaster damage, a quantitative evaluation of the state of the disaster is performed using a principle component analysis that further divided the analytical target areas into neighborhood units to make a detailed determination of the number of disaster-vulnerable persons, the severity of the disaster, etc. The results of the disaster evaluation performed after considering the vulnerability of an area are that 628 disaster-vulnerable persons live in areas with a relatively higher disaster evaluation value. View Full-Text
Keywords: KDB (national health insurance data); vulnerable people; earthquake; disaster evaluation; principal component analysis KDB (national health insurance data); vulnerable people; earthquake; disaster evaluation; principal component analysis
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Fujiu, M.; Morisaki, Y.; Takayama, J.; Yanagihara, K.; Nishino, T.; Sagae, M.; Hirako, K. Evaluation of Regional Vulnerability to Disasters by People of Ishikawa, Japan: A Cross Sectional Study Using National Health Insurance Data. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2018, 15, 507.

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