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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2018, 15(2), 204; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph15020204

Assessment of Tomato (Solanum lycopersicum L.) Producers’ Exposure Level to Pesticides, in Kouka and Toussiana (Burkina Faso)

1
Agrosystèmes et Ingénierie de l’Environnement (Sy.N.A.I.E), Unité Santé des Plantes du Laboratoire Systèmes Naturels, Institut du Développement Rural (IDR), Université Nazi Boni (UNB), 01 BP 1091 Bobo-Dioulasso, Burkina Faso
2
Gembloux Agro-Bio Tech/ULIEGE—Pesticide Science Laboratory, Passage des Déportés 2, 5030 Gembloux, Belgium
3
Phytopathology, Earth and Life Institute, Catholic University of Louvain, Croix du Sud, 2 bte L7.05.03, B-1348-Louvain-la-Neuve, Belgium
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 29 December 2017 / Revised: 15 January 2018 / Accepted: 23 January 2018 / Published: 25 January 2018
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Abstract

To assess producers’ exposure level to pesticides in vegetable production in Burkina Faso, a study was carried out in 2016 and 2017 among 30 tomato producers in the municipalities of Kouka and Toussiana. Eighteen (18) commercial formulations were identified, with more than 50% of pesticides destined for cotton production. Eleven active substances have been identified and the most frequently used are λ-cyhalothrin (35%), acetamiprid (22%) and profenofos (13%). The most commonly used chemical families are pyrethroids (28%) and organophosphates (18%). The study revealed a low level of training for producers, a high use of pesticides according to the Frequency Treatment Indicator, and a very low level of protection used by producers. The Health Risk Index shows that active substances such as methomyl, λ-cyhalothrin and profenofos present very high risk to operators’ health. Based on the UK-POEM model, the predictive exposure levels obtained varied from 0.0105 mg/kg body weight/day to 1.7855 mg/kg body weight/day, which is several times higher than the Acceptable Operator Exposure Level. However, the study also shows that exposure can be greatly reduced if the required Personal Protective Equipment is worn. Producers’ awareness and training on integrated pest management are necessary to reduce the risks linked to the pesticides use in Burkina Faso. View Full-Text
Keywords: tomatoes; pesticides; risk assessment; UK-POEM; producers; Burkina Faso tomatoes; pesticides; risk assessment; UK-POEM; producers; Burkina Faso
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).
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Son, D.; Zerbo, F.K.B.; Bonzi, S.; Schiffers, B.; Somda, I.; Schiffers, B.; Legreve, A. Assessment of Tomato (Solanum lycopersicum L.) Producers’ Exposure Level to Pesticides, in Kouka and Toussiana (Burkina Faso). Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2018, 15, 204.

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