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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2018, 15(12), 2794; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph15122794

Sun Exposure Public Health Directives

1
Department of Public Health Sciences, Medical University of South Carolina, Charleston, SC 29425, USA
2
Department of Dermatology, Leiden University Medical Center, 2333 ZA Leiden, The Netherlands
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 9 October 2018 / Revised: 2 December 2018 / Accepted: 3 December 2018 / Published: 10 December 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue UV Radiation and Health)
Full-Text   |   PDF [238 KB, uploaded 10 December 2018]

Abstract

There have been many public health recommendations for avoiding UV radiation exposures. This is primarily due to concerns about skin cancer and especially melanoma, the most serious type of skin cancer. However, UV radiation is also known as the primary source of vitamin D and other compounds needed for good health. This brief commentary lists several of the many important recent studies of adverse health effects associated with low sun exposure, including some specific cancers, multiple sclerosis, diabetes, cardiovascular disease, autism, Alzheimer’s disease, and age-related macular degeneration. Our conclusion is that non-burning UV exposure is a health benefit and—in moderation—should be recommended as such. View Full-Text
Keywords: UV radiation; vitamin D; nitric oxide; melanoma; cancer; cardiovascular UV radiation; vitamin D; nitric oxide; melanoma; cancer; cardiovascular
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
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Hoel, D.G.; De Gruijl, F.R. Sun Exposure Public Health Directives. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2018, 15, 2794.

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