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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2018, 15(12), 2739;

Larger Workplaces, People-Oriented Culture, and Specific Industry Sectors Are Associated with Co-Occurring Health Protection and Wellness Activities

Institute for Work & Health, Toronto, ON M5G 2E9, Canada
Dalla Lana School of Public Health, University of Toronto, Toronto, ON M5T 3M7, Canada
Centre of Occupational and Environmental Health, Monash University, Melbourne, VIC 3004, Australia
Morneau Shepell, Toronto, ON M5S 3A9, Canada
Florida International University, Miami, FL 33199, USA
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 29 October 2018 / Revised: 22 November 2018 / Accepted: 28 November 2018 / Published: 4 December 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Using Total Worker Health to Advance Worker Health and Safety)
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Employers are increasingly interested in offering workplace wellness programs in addition to occupational health and safety (OHS) activities to promote worker health, wellbeing, and productivity. Yet, there is a dearth of research on workplace factors that enable the implementation of OHS and wellness to inform the future integration of these activities in Canadian workplaces. This study explored workplace demographic factors associated with the co-implementation of OHS and wellness activities in a heterogenous sample of Canadian workplaces. Using a cross-sectional survey of 1285 workplaces from 2011 to 2014, latent profiles of co-occurrent OHS and wellness activities were identified, and multinomial logistic regression was used to assess associations between workplace demographic factors and the profiles. Most workplaces (84%) demonstrated little co-occurrence of OHS and wellness activities. Highest co-occurrence was associated with large workplaces (odds ratio (OR) = 3.22, 95% confidence interval (CI) = 1.15–5.89), in the electrical and utilities sector (OR = 5.57, 95% CI = 2.24–8.35), and a high people-oriented culture (OR = 4.70, 95% CI = 1.59–5.26). Promoting integrated OHS and wellness approaches in medium to large workplaces, in select industries, and emphasizing a people-oriented culture were found to be important factors for implementing OHS and wellness in Canadian organizations. Informed by these findings, future studies should understand the mechanisms to facilitate the integration of OHS and wellness in workplaces. View Full-Text
Keywords: workforce demographics; health promotion; injury prevention; occupational health workforce demographics; health promotion; injury prevention; occupational health

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Biswas, A.; Severin, C.N.; Smith, P.M.; Steenstra, I.A.; Robson, L.S.; Amick, B.C., III. Larger Workplaces, People-Oriented Culture, and Specific Industry Sectors Are Associated with Co-Occurring Health Protection and Wellness Activities. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2018, 15, 2739.

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