Next Article in Journal
A Lot of People Are Struggling Privately. They Don’t Know Where to Go or They’re Not Sure of What to Do”: Frontline Service Provider Perspectives of the Nature of Household Food Insecurity in Scotland
Next Article in Special Issue
From Research-to-Practice: An Adaptation and Dissemination of the COMPASS Program for Home Care Workers
Previous Article in Journal
Lifetime Spousal Violence Victimization and Perpetration, Physical Illness, and Health Risk Behaviours among Women in India
Previous Article in Special Issue
New Burnout Evaluation Model Based on the Brief Burnout Questionnaire: Psychometric Properties for Nursing
Open AccessArticle

Larger Workplaces, People-Oriented Culture, and Specific Industry Sectors Are Associated with Co-Occurring Health Protection and Wellness Activities

1
Institute for Work & Health, Toronto, ON M5G 2E9, Canada
2
Dalla Lana School of Public Health, University of Toronto, Toronto, ON M5T 3M7, Canada
3
Centre of Occupational and Environmental Health, Monash University, Melbourne, VIC 3004, Australia
4
Morneau Shepell, Toronto, ON M5S 3A9, Canada
5
Florida International University, Miami, FL 33199, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2018, 15(12), 2739; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph15122739
Received: 29 October 2018 / Revised: 22 November 2018 / Accepted: 28 November 2018 / Published: 4 December 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Using Total Worker Health to Advance Worker Health and Safety)
Employers are increasingly interested in offering workplace wellness programs in addition to occupational health and safety (OHS) activities to promote worker health, wellbeing, and productivity. Yet, there is a dearth of research on workplace factors that enable the implementation of OHS and wellness to inform the future integration of these activities in Canadian workplaces. This study explored workplace demographic factors associated with the co-implementation of OHS and wellness activities in a heterogenous sample of Canadian workplaces. Using a cross-sectional survey of 1285 workplaces from 2011 to 2014, latent profiles of co-occurrent OHS and wellness activities were identified, and multinomial logistic regression was used to assess associations between workplace demographic factors and the profiles. Most workplaces (84%) demonstrated little co-occurrence of OHS and wellness activities. Highest co-occurrence was associated with large workplaces (odds ratio (OR) = 3.22, 95% confidence interval (CI) = 1.15–5.89), in the electrical and utilities sector (OR = 5.57, 95% CI = 2.24–8.35), and a high people-oriented culture (OR = 4.70, 95% CI = 1.59–5.26). Promoting integrated OHS and wellness approaches in medium to large workplaces, in select industries, and emphasizing a people-oriented culture were found to be important factors for implementing OHS and wellness in Canadian organizations. Informed by these findings, future studies should understand the mechanisms to facilitate the integration of OHS and wellness in workplaces. View Full-Text
Keywords: workforce demographics; health promotion; injury prevention; occupational health workforce demographics; health promotion; injury prevention; occupational health
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Biswas, A.; Severin, C.N.; Smith, P.M.; Steenstra, I.A.; Robson, L.S.; Amick, B.C., III. Larger Workplaces, People-Oriented Culture, and Specific Industry Sectors Are Associated with Co-Occurring Health Protection and Wellness Activities. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2018, 15, 2739.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Search more from Scilit
 
Search
Back to TopTop