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Open AccessArticle

New Burnout Evaluation Model Based on the Brief Burnout Questionnaire: Psychometric Properties for Nursing

Department of Psychology, Faculty of Psychology, University of Almería, 04120 Almería, Spain
Department of Psychology, Universidad Autónoma de Chile, Región Metropolitana, Providencia 7500000, Chile
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2018, 15(12), 2718;
Received: 19 November 2018 / Revised: 28 November 2018 / Accepted: 30 November 2018 / Published: 2 December 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Using Total Worker Health to Advance Worker Health and Safety)
Health care personnel are considered one of the worker sectors most exposed to heavier workloads and work stress. One of the consequences associated with the exposure to chronic stress is the development of burnout syndrome. Given that evaluating this syndrome requires addressing the context in which they are to be used, the purpose of this work was to analyze the psychometric properties and structure of the Burnout Brief Questionnaire (CBB), and to propose a more suitable version for its application to health professionals, and more specifically nurses. The final study sample was made up of 1236 working nursing professionals. An exploratory factorial analysis was carried out and a new model was proposed through a confirmatory factorial analysis. Thus, validation of the CBB questionnaire for nursing health care personnel showed an adequate discrimination of the items and a high internal consistency of the scale. With respect to the factorial analysis, four factors were extracted from the revised model. Specifically, these new factors, called job dissatisfaction, social climate, personal impact, and motivational abandonment, showed an adequate index of adjustment. Thus, the Brief Burnout Questionnaire Revised for nursing staff has favorable psychometric properties, and this model can be applied to all health care professionals. View Full-Text
Keywords: burnout; psychometric properties; nursing burnout; psychometric properties; nursing
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Pérez-Fuentes, M.C.; Molero Jurado, M.M.; Martos Martínez, Á.; Gázquez Linares, J.J. New Burnout Evaluation Model Based on the Brief Burnout Questionnaire: Psychometric Properties for Nursing. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2018, 15, 2718.

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