Next Article in Journal
Biomarkers of Exposure to Secondhand and Thirdhand Tobacco Smoke: Recent Advances and Future Perspectives
Previous Article in Journal
Health Consequences of an Armed Conflict in Zamboanga, Philippines Using a Syndromic Surveillance Database
Article Menu
Issue 12 (December) cover image

Export Article

Open AccessReview

Mobile Phone Use and Mental Health. A Review of the Research That Takes a Psychological Perspective on Exposure

Department of Psychology, University of Gothenburg, 405 30 Gothenburg, Sweden
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2018, 15(12), 2692; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph15122692
Received: 5 November 2018 / Revised: 16 November 2018 / Accepted: 21 November 2018 / Published: 29 November 2018
(This article belongs to the Section Digital Health)
  |  
PDF [575 KB, uploaded 29 November 2018]
  |  

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to carry out a review of observational studies that consider links between mobile phone use and mental health from a psychological or behavioral perspective. Systematic literature searches in PubMed and PsycINFO for articles published until 2017 were done. Exclusion criteria included: papers that considered radiofrequency fields, attention, safety, relational consequences, sexual behavior, cyberbullying, and reviews, qualitative, and case or experimental studies. A total of 4738 papers were screened by title and abstract, 404 were retrieved in full text, and 290 were included. Only 5% had any longitudinal design. Self-reporting was the dominating method of measurement. One third of the studies included children or youth. A majority of adult populations consisted of university students and/or self-selected participants. The main research results included associations between frequent mobile phone use and mental health outcomes, such as depressive symptoms and sleep problems. Mobile phone use at bedtime was associated with, e.g., shorter sleep duration and lower sleep quality. “Problematic use” (dependency) was associated with several negative outcomes. In conclusion, associations between mobile phone use and adverse mental health outcomes are found in studies that take a psychological or behavioral perspective on the exposure. However, more studies of high quality are needed in order to draw valid conclusions about the mechanisms and causal directions of associations. View Full-Text
Keywords: cell phone; epidemiology; psychology; behavioral addiction; depression; sleep cell phone; epidemiology; psychology; behavioral addiction; depression; sleep
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
SciFeed

Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Thomée, S. Mobile Phone Use and Mental Health. A Review of the Research That Takes a Psychological Perspective on Exposure. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2018, 15, 2692.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics

1

Comments

[Return to top]
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health EISSN 1660-4601 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top