Next Article in Journal
Utilization of Formal and Informal Care by Community-Living People with Dementia: A Comparative Study between Sweden and Italy
Next Article in Special Issue
Socio-Economic Status and Health: Evaluation of Human Biomonitored Chemical Exposure to Per- and Polyfluorinated Substances across Status
Previous Article in Journal
Biomedical Variables and Adaptation to Disease and Health-Related Quality of Life in Polish Patients with MS
Previous Article in Special Issue
Variation in Cold-Related Mortality in England Since the Introduction of the Cold Weather Plan: Which Areas Have the Greatest Unmet Needs?
Open AccessArticle

Characterization of Environmental Health Inequalities Due to Polyaromatic Hydrocarbon Exposure in France

National Institute for industrial Environment and Risks (INERIS), Verneuil-en-Halatte 60550, France
National Conservatory of Arts and Crafts (CNAM), Paris 75003, France
National Institute of Agronomic Research (INRA), US 1106, Orleans 45000, France
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2018, 15(12), 2680;
Received: 29 October 2018 / Revised: 22 November 2018 / Accepted: 23 November 2018 / Published: 28 November 2018
(This article belongs to the Collection Achieving Environmental Health Equity: Great Expectations)
Reducing environmental health inequalities has become a major focus of public health efforts in France, as evidenced by the French action plans for health and the environment. To evaluate environmental inequalities, routine monitoring networks provide a valuable source of data on environmental contamination, which can be used in integrated assessments, to identify overexposed populations and prioritize actions. However, available databases generally do not meet sufficient spatial representativeness to characterize population exposure, as they are usually not assembled for this specific purpose. The aim of this study was to develop geoprocessing procedures and statistical methods to build spatial environmental variables (water, air, soil, and food pollutant concentrations) at a fine resolution, and provide appropriate input for the exposure modelling. Those methods were designed to combine in situ monitoring data with correlated auxiliary information (for example, atmospheric emissions, population, and altitude), in order to better represent the variability of the environmental compartment quality. The MODUL’ERS multimedia exposure model developed by INERIS (French Institute for industrial Environment and Risks) was then used to assess the transfer of substances from the environment to humans, through inhalation and ingestion pathway characterization. We applied the methodology to a carcinogenic Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbon substance, benzo[a]pyrene(B[a]P), to map spatialized exposure indicators, at the national scale. The largest environmental contribution corresponded to the ingestion pathway. Data processing algorithms and calculation of exposure will be integrated into the French coordinated integrated environment and health platform PLAINE (PLteforme intégrée d’Analyse des INégalités Environnementales) which has been developed to map and analyze environmental health inequalities. View Full-Text
Keywords: environmental health inequalities; spatial exposure; polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon environmental health inequalities; spatial exposure; polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Ioannidou, D.; Malherbe, L.; Beauchamp, M.; Saby, N.P.; Bonnard, R.; Caudeville, J. Characterization of Environmental Health Inequalities Due to Polyaromatic Hydrocarbon Exposure in France. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2018, 15, 2680.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

Back to TopTop