Next Article in Journal
Obesity in Older Type 2 Diabetic Patients: Does Working Environment Add Vulnerability?
Next Article in Special Issue
More than Fast Food: Development of a Story Map to Compare Adolescent Perceptions and Observations of Their Food Environments and Related Food Behaviors
Previous Article in Journal
Recreational Use of Spa Thermal Waters: Criticisms and Perspectives for Innovative Treatments
Previous Article in Special Issue
Customer Purchase Intentions and Choice in Food Retail Environments: A Scoping Review
Open AccessArticle

Development and Validation of a Simple Convenience Store SHELF Audit

Department of Public Health Food Studies and Nutrition, Syracuse University, Syracuse, NY 13244, USA
Human Development and Family Studies, Auburn University, Auburn, AL 36849, USA
Biology Department, Utica College, 1600 Burrstone Rd., Utica, NY, 13502, USA
School of Food and Agriculture, University of Maine, Orono, ME 04469-5735, USA
Department of Family, Youth and Community Sciences, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL 32611, USA
Department of Nutrition, University of Tennessee, Knoxville, TN 37996, USA
Division of Animal & Nutritional Sciences, School of Agriculture, West Virginia University, Morgantown, WV 26506, USA
Department of Molecular, Cellular & Biomedical Sciences, University of New Hampshire, Durham, NH 03824, USA
Food Science and Human Nutrition Department, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL 32611, USA
Department of Food Science, Nutrition, and Health Promotion, Mississippi State University, Starkville, MS 39762, USA
Department of Food, Nutrition, Dietetics and Health, Kansas State University, Manhattan, KS 66506, USA
Health and Nutritional Sciences Department, South Dakota State University, Brookings, SD 57007, USA
Department of Nutrition and Food Sciences, University of Rhode Island, Kingston, RI 02881, USA
Department of Nutrition and Health Sciences, University of Nebraska-Lincoln, Lincoln, NE 68583, USA
Department of Nutritional Sciences, Rutgers University, New Brunswick, NJ 08901, USA
Department of Nutrition, Dietetics & Hospitality Management, Auburn University, Auburn, AL 36849, USA
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2018, 15(12), 2676;
Received: 22 October 2018 / Revised: 19 November 2018 / Accepted: 20 November 2018 / Published: 28 November 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Environmental Influences on Food Behaviour)
Background This paper describes the development, reliability, and convergent validity of a practical tool—the Convenience Store Supportive Healthy Environment for Life-Promoting Food (SHELF) Audit. Methods Audit items included: a variety of fresh, processed, and frozen fruits and vegetables; low-fat dairy products; healthy staples and frozen meals; healthy food incentive programs; items sold in check-out areas; portion/cup sizes; and pricing. Each audit item was scored using a five-point semantic-differential scale (1 = provides little or no support for healthful foods to 5 = provides high support for healthful foods). Convergent validity was examined by comparing the SHELF audit to Ghirardelli et al. and Laska et al. store audits. Statistical analysis included: Factor analysis, ANOVA, and Spearman correlations. Results SHELF included three factors: a Fruits/Vegetables scale (eight items, α = 0.79; total potential points = 34); a Healthy Foods scale (four items, α = 0.72; total potential points = 16); and a Supports scale (four items, α = 0.685; total potential points = 16). Only 6% of the 124 convenience stores assessed scored in the most healthful range (46–66). The assessed drug stores (n = 15) scored higher than convenience stores (n = 81) on the Healthy Foods and Supports scales but not the Fruits/Vegetables scale. The SHELF sub-scores were highly correlated with other audit tools indicating convergent validity. Conclusion The SHELF convenience store audit is a valid, reliable tool for assessing the degree to which convenience stores support healthfulness regarding Fruits/Vegetables, Healthy Foods, and Supports for choosing healthy. View Full-Text
Keywords: environmental audit; fruit vegetable assessment; consumer food environment environmental audit; fruit vegetable assessment; consumer food environment
MDPI and ACS Style

Horacek, T.M.; Yildirim, E.D.; Kelly, E.; White, A.A.; Shelnutt, K.P.; Riggsbee, K.; Olfert, M.D.; Morrell, J.S.; Mathews, A.E.; Mosby, T.T.; Kidd, T.; Kattelmann, K.; Greene, G.; Franzen-Castle, L.; Colby, S.; Byrd-Bredbenner, C.; Brown, O. Development and Validation of a Simple Convenience Store SHELF Audit. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2018, 15, 2676.

AMA Style

Horacek TM, Yildirim ED, Kelly E, White AA, Shelnutt KP, Riggsbee K, Olfert MD, Morrell JS, Mathews AE, Mosby TT, Kidd T, Kattelmann K, Greene G, Franzen-Castle L, Colby S, Byrd-Bredbenner C, Brown O. Development and Validation of a Simple Convenience Store SHELF Audit. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2018; 15(12):2676.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Horacek, Tanya M.; Yildirim, Elif D.; Kelly, Erin; White, Adrienne A.; Shelnutt, Karla P.; Riggsbee, Kristin; Olfert, Melissa D.; Morrell, Jesse S.; Mathews, Anne E.; Mosby, Terezie T.; Kidd, Tandalayo; Kattelmann, Kendra; Greene, Geoffrey; Franzen-Castle, Lisa; Colby, Sarah; Byrd-Bredbenner, Carol; Brown, Onikia. 2018. "Development and Validation of a Simple Convenience Store SHELF Audit" Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 15, no. 12: 2676.

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

Search more from Scilit
Back to TopTop