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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2018, 15(11), 2490; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph15112490

The Effect of Manufacturing Agglomeration on Haze Pollution in China

1
China Institute of Manufacturing Development & School of Management Science and Engineering, Nanjing University of Information Science & Technology, Nanjing 210044, China
2
School of Business, Nanjing University of Information Science & Technology, Nanjing 210044, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 30 September 2018 / Revised: 25 October 2018 / Accepted: 5 November 2018 / Published: 8 November 2018
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Abstract

Based on panel data on 285 Chinese cities from 2003 to 2012, we use a dynamic spatial panel model to empirically analyze the effect of manufacturing agglomeration on haze pollution. The results show that when economic development levels, population, technological levels, industrial structure, transportation, foreign direct investment, and greening levels are stable, manufacturing agglomeration significantly aggravates haze pollution. However, region-specific analysis reveals that the effects of manufacturing agglomeration on inter-regional haze pollution depends on the region: the effect of manufacturing agglomeration on haze pollution is the largest in the Western region, followed by the Central region, and is the least in the Eastern region. Based on the above conclusions, we put forward several specific suggestions, such as giving full play to the technology and knowledge spillover effects of manufacturing agglomeration, guiding manufacturing agglomerations in a scientific and rational way, accelerating the transformation and upgrading of manufacturing industries in agglomeration regions. View Full-Text
Keywords: manufacturing agglomeration; haze pollution; dynamic spatial panel model; regional differences manufacturing agglomeration; haze pollution; dynamic spatial panel model; regional differences
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
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Liu, J.; Zhao, Y.; Cheng, Z.; Zhang, H. The Effect of Manufacturing Agglomeration on Haze Pollution in China. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2018, 15, 2490.

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