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Article

Prevalence of Anaemia and Iron Deficiency among Primary Schoolchildren in Malaysia

1
Faculty of Health Sciences, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, 50300 Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
2
FrieslandCampina, 3818 LE Amersfoort, The Netherlands
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
National Co-ordinator, the SEANUTS Study Group.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2018, 15(11), 2332; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph15112332
Received: 30 July 2018 / Revised: 22 September 2018 / Accepted: 25 September 2018 / Published: 23 October 2018
The present study aimed to report the prevalence of anaemia and iron deficiency (ID) and to explore the associations among socio-demographic characteristics, nutritional status and inflammation status in the occurrence of anaemia and ID in a nationally representative sample of Malaysian primary schoolchildren. Using data from the South East Asian Nutrition Surveys (SEANUTS), 544 Malaysian children aged 7 to 12 years were included in this secondary analysis. Blood samples were drawn for haemoglobin and serum ferritin analysis while C-reactive protein (CRP) and α-1-acid glycoprotein (AGP) were measured to detect inflammation. Prevalence of anaemia and ID were 4.0% and 5.2%, respectively. There were significantly more anaemic indigenous bumiputra children (9.9%) than Chinese children (0.6%). Correction for inflammation did not change the prevalence of ID. More overweight/obese children than thin/normal weight children were found to have elevated acute phase protein (APP). Children with elevated inflammatory markers had significantly higher ferritin level than children without inflammation. Periodic health assessments of anaemia and ID at the population level to monitor and clarify the epidemiology of health problems are required to inform public health policies and strategies. View Full-Text
Keywords: anaemia; inflammation; iron deficiency; schoolchildren anaemia; inflammation; iron deficiency; schoolchildren
MDPI and ACS Style

Nik Shanita, S.; Siti Hanisa, A.; Noor Afifah, A.R.; Lee, S.T.; Chong, K.H.; George, P.; Norazida, A.B.; Budin, S.B.; Khouw, I.; Norimah, A.K.; Poh, B.K. Prevalence of Anaemia and Iron Deficiency among Primary Schoolchildren in Malaysia. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2018, 15, 2332. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph15112332

AMA Style

Nik Shanita S, Siti Hanisa A, Noor Afifah AR, Lee ST, Chong KH, George P, Norazida AB, Budin SB, Khouw I, Norimah AK, Poh BK. Prevalence of Anaemia and Iron Deficiency among Primary Schoolchildren in Malaysia. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2018; 15(11):2332. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph15112332

Chicago/Turabian Style

Nik Shanita, Safii, Awal Siti Hanisa, Ab R. Noor Afifah, Shoo T. Lee, Kar H. Chong, Penny George, Abu B. Norazida, Siti B. Budin, Ilse Khouw, A K. Norimah, and Bee K. Poh 2018. "Prevalence of Anaemia and Iron Deficiency among Primary Schoolchildren in Malaysia" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 15, no. 11: 2332. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph15112332

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