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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2018, 15(10), 2129; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph15102129

Risk of Exclusion in People with Disabilities in Spain: Determinants of Health and Poverty

1
Social Inclusion Chair, Rovira i Virgili University, 43002 Tarragona, Spain
2
Medical Anthropology Research Center, Rovira i Virgili University, 43002 Tarragona, Spain
3
Faculty of Nursing, Rovira i Virgili University, 43002 Tarragona, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 30 July 2018 / Revised: 23 September 2018 / Accepted: 25 September 2018 / Published: 27 September 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Disability and Global Health)
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Abstract

In this paper, we analyze data from the 2012 Encuesta de Integración Social y Salud (Social Integration and Health Survey) of the Instituto Nacional de Estadística (Spanish National Institute of Statistics) to obtain profiles created by combining disability, poverty and social exclusion. We hypothesize that the probability that people will experience social exclusion increases if they have a disability, chronic illness or limitation in conducting everyday activities, and that this probability is greater for women than for men. To conduct our analysis, we constructed a social exclusion model based on a series of social determinants that acts as a dependent variable. In this context, social exclusion is understood to go beyond the concept of financial poverty. We performed bivariate analyses, in which we calculated the Odds Ratios (OR) for certain variables considered to be predictors of social exclusion. We also performed a means comparison test and an ANOVA test to observe differences between individuals with recognized disability and those without. Finally, we conducted logistic regression analysis to determine which vulnerability profiles are most likely to experience a situation of social exclusion. We also discuss the limitations of our study, and suggest areas in, which the relationships between health, social exclusion and disability can be further investigated. View Full-Text
Keywords: disability; poverty; health; social exclusion; social inequality disability; poverty; health; social exclusion; social inequality
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Belzunegui-Eraso, A.; Pastor-Gosálbez, I.; Puig-Andreu, X.; Valls-Fonayet, F. Risk of Exclusion in People with Disabilities in Spain: Determinants of Health and Poverty. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2018, 15, 2129.

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