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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2017, 14(9), 1048;

Health Effects of Ambient Air Pollution in Developing Countries

Scientific Direction, Fondazione IRCCS Ca’ Granda-Ospedale Maggiore Policlinico and University of Milan, 20100 Milan, Italy
Department of Transfusion Medicine and Hematology, Carlo Poma Hospital, 46100 Mantova, Italy
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 25 July 2017 / Revised: 26 August 2017 / Accepted: 9 September 2017 / Published: 12 September 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Ambient Air Pollution and Health Vulnerability)
Full-Text   |   PDF [271 KB, uploaded 12 September 2017]


The deleterious effects of ambient air pollution on human health have been consistently documented by many epidemiologic studies worldwide, and it has been calculated that globally at least seven million deaths are annually attributable to the effects of air pollution. The major air pollutants emitted into the atmosphere by a number of natural processes and human activities include nitrogen oxides, volatile organic compounds, and particulate matter. In addition to the poor ambient air quality, there is increasing evidence that indoor air pollution also poses a serious threat to human health, especially in low-income countries that still use biomass fuels as an energy resource. This review summarizes the current knowledge on ambient air pollution in financially deprived populations. View Full-Text
Keywords: air pollution; health; developing countries; low-income; children air pollution; health; developing countries; low-income; children
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).

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Mannucci, P.M.; Franchini, M. Health Effects of Ambient Air Pollution in Developing Countries. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2017, 14, 1048.

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