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Open AccessArticle

Level of Sedentary Behavior and Its Associated Factors among Saudi Women Working in Office-Based Jobs in Saudi Arabia

King Abdullah International Medical Research Center, Community and Environmental Health, College of Public Health and Health Informatics, King Saud Bin Abdulaziz University for Health Sciences, Riyadh 11426, Saudi Arabia
Health Sciences Research Center, Princess Nourah Bint Abdulrahman University, Riyadh 11671, Saudi Arabia
Emeritus Professor and Former Director of Pediatric Exercise Physiology Research Laboratory, King Saud University, Riyadh 11673, Saudi Arabia
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Ronald J. Burke
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2017, 14(6), 659;
Received: 23 March 2017 / Revised: 30 May 2017 / Accepted: 8 June 2017 / Published: 19 June 2017
(This article belongs to the Section Global Health)
PDF [471 KB, uploaded 20 June 2017]


Research in Saudi Arabia has revealed a shocking level of insufficiently physically active adults, particularly women. The risk of sedentary behavior will likely increase as the number of women with office-based jobs increases. The aim of this study is to determine the level of sedentary behavior, and its associated factors, among Saudi women working office-based jobs in the city of Riyadh. A cross-sectional study of 420 Saudi female employees at 8 office-based worksites were measured to determine body mass index and were given a self-administered survey to evaluate their level of physical activity and sedentary behavior. Median sitting time on work days was 690 min per day (interquartile range, IQR 541–870), with nearly half accumulated during work hours, and 575 min per day (IQR 360–780) on non-work days. Predictors of work day sitting time were level of education, number of children, and working in the private sector. Number of children, whether they were single, and whether they lived in a small home were found to predict non-work day sitting time. This study identifies Saudi women in office-based jobs as a high-risk group for sedentary behavior. There is a need to promote physical activity at worksites and reduce prolonged sitting. View Full-Text
Keywords: physical activity; sedentary behavior; obesity; overweight physical activity; sedentary behavior; obesity; overweight

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Albawardi, N.M.; Jradi, H.; Almalki, A.A.; Al-Hazzaa, H.M. Level of Sedentary Behavior and Its Associated Factors among Saudi Women Working in Office-Based Jobs in Saudi Arabia. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2017, 14, 659.

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