Demographic and Environmental Factors Associated with Mental Health: A Cross-Sectional Study
AbstractRelevant demographic and environmental conditions need to be understood before tailoring policies to improve mental health. Using community health survey data from 25 communities in Seoul, 2013, cross-sectional associations between mental health and community level environments were assessed. Mental health outcomes (self-rated stress levels (SRS) and depressive symptoms (DS)) were analyzed. Community environmental factors included green space, green facilities, and annual PM10 level (AnnPM10); socio-demographic factors included sex, age, education, labor market participation, comorbidity, sleep hours, physical activity, smoking, and drinking. A total of 23,139 people with the following characteristics participated: men (44.2%); age groups 19−39 (36.0%), 40−59 (39.4%), 60−74 (19.2%), and 75+ (5.4%). Women had higher odds ratios (OR) for SRS [OR 1.22, 95% Confidence interval (CI) 1.17–1.27] and DS [OR 1.55, 95% CI 1.42–1.71]. Regular physical activity predicted SRS [OR 0.90, 95% CI 0.84–0.95] and DS [OR 0.98, 95% CI 0.88–1.10]; current smoking and drinking were adversely associated with both SRS and DS. Higher accessibility to green space (Q4) was inversely associated with DS [OR 0.89, 95% CI 0.81−0.97] compared to lower accessibility (Q1). AnnPM10, annual levels for particles of aerodynamic diameter <10 µm (PM10), among communities was associated with poorer SRS [OR 1.02, 95% CI 1.00–1.04] by 10 μg/m3 increases. Therefore, both demographic and environmental factors should be considered to understand mental health conditions among the general population. View Full-Text
Share & Cite This Article
Kim, J.; Kim, H. Demographic and Environmental Factors Associated with Mental Health: A Cross-Sectional Study. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2017, 14, 431.
Kim J, Kim H. Demographic and Environmental Factors Associated with Mental Health: A Cross-Sectional Study. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2017; 14(4):431.Chicago/Turabian Style
Kim, Jayeun; Kim, Ho. 2017. "Demographic and Environmental Factors Associated with Mental Health: A Cross-Sectional Study." Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 14, no. 4: 431.
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.