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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2017, 14(11), 1387;

Cross-Cultural Adaptation of the Social Vulnerability Index for Use in the Dutch Context

Research Group in Healthy Ageing, Allied Health Care and Nursing, Hanze University Groningen, University of Applied Sciences, 9714 CA Groningen, The Netherlands
Department of Sociology, Faculty of Behavioural and Social Sciences, University of Groningen, 9712 TG Groningen, The Netherlands
Department of Health Psychology, University Medical Center Groningen, University of Groningen, 9713 AV Groningen, The Netherlands
Department of Medicine (Geriatrics), Dalhousie University, Halifax, NS B3H 2E1, Canada
Department of Rehabilitation, University Medical Center Groningen, University of Groningen, 9700 RB Groningen, The Netherlands
Department of General Practice and Elderly Care Medicine, University of Groningen, University Medical Center Groningen, 9700 AD Groningen, The Netherlands
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 5 September 2017 / Revised: 30 October 2017 / Accepted: 10 November 2017 / Published: 14 November 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Key Issues in Current Health Research: Ageing–Health–Equity)
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Being able to identify socially frail older adults is essential for designing interventions and policy and for the prediction of health outcomes, both on the level of individual older adults and of the population. The aim of the present study was to adapt the Social Vulnerability Index (SVI) to the Dutch language and culture for those purposes. A systematic cross-cultural adaptation of the initial Social Vulnerability Index was performed following five steps: initial translation, synthesis of translations, back translation, a Delphi procedure, and a test for face validity and feasibility. The main result of this study is a face-valid 32 item Dutch version of the Social Vulnerability Index (SVI-D) that is feasible in health care and social care settings. The SVI-D is a useful index to measure social frailty in Dutch-language countries and offers a broad, holistic quantification of older people’s social circumstances related to the risk of adverse health outcomes. View Full-Text
Keywords: social frailty; social vulnerability; frailty; index social frailty; social vulnerability; frailty; index
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).

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Bunt, S.; Steverink, N.; Andrew, M.K.; Schans, C.P.; Hobbelen, H. Cross-Cultural Adaptation of the Social Vulnerability Index for Use in the Dutch Context. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2017, 14, 1387.

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