Chronic Stress in Young German Adults: Who Is Affected? A Prospective Cohort Study
AbstractWe aimed to prospectively assess changes in chronic stress among young adults transitioning from high school to university or working life. A population-based cohort in Munich and Dresden (Germany) was followed from age 16–18 (2002–2003) to age 20–23 (2007–2009) (n = 1688). Using the Trier Inventory for the Assessment of Chronic Stress, two dimensions of stress at university or work were assessed: work overload and work discontent. In the multiple ordinal generalized estimating equations, socio-demographics, stress outside the workplace, and job history were additionally considered. At follow-up, 52% of the population were university students. Work overload increased statistically significantly from first to second follow-up, while work discontent remained constant at the population level. Students, compared to employees, reported a larger increase in work overload (adjusted odds ratio (OR): 1.33; 95% confidence interval (95% CI): 1.07, 1.67), while work discontent did not differ between the groups. In conclusion, work overload increases when young adults transition from school to university/job life, with university students experiencing the largest increase. View Full-Text
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Herrera, R.; Berger, U.; Genuneit, J.; Gerlich, J.; Nowak, D.; Schlotz, W.; Vogelberg, C.; Von Mutius, E.; Weinmayr, G.; Windstetter, D.; Weigl, M.; Radon, K. Chronic Stress in Young German Adults: Who Is Affected? A Prospective Cohort Study. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2017, 14, 1325.
Herrera R, Berger U, Genuneit J, Gerlich J, Nowak D, Schlotz W, Vogelberg C, Von Mutius E, Weinmayr G, Windstetter D, Weigl M, Radon K. Chronic Stress in Young German Adults: Who Is Affected? A Prospective Cohort Study. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2017; 14(11):1325.Chicago/Turabian Style
Herrera, Ronald; Berger, Ursula; Genuneit, Jon; Gerlich, Jessica; Nowak, Dennis; Schlotz, Wolff; Vogelberg, Christian; Von Mutius, Erika; Weinmayr, Gudrun; Windstetter, Doris; Weigl, Matthias; Radon, Katja. 2017. "Chronic Stress in Young German Adults: Who Is Affected? A Prospective Cohort Study." Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 14, no. 11: 1325.
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