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Article

Chronic Stress in Young German Adults: Who Is Affected? A Prospective Cohort Study

1
Occupational and Environmental Epidemiology and NetTeaching Unit, Institute and Outpatient Clinic for Occupational, Social, and Environmental Medicine, University Hospital Munich (LMU), 80336 Munich, Germany
2
Institute for Medical Informatics, Biometry and Epidemiology-IBE, University of Munich (LMU), 81377 Munich, Germany
3
Institute of Epidemiology and Medical Biometry, Ulm University, 89081 Ulm, Germany
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Institute and Outpatient Clinic for Occupational, Social, and Environmental Medicine Medical Faculty Ludwig-Maximilians-University Munich, Germany and German Center for Lung Research (DZL), 80336 Munich, Germany
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Max Planck Institute for Empirical Aesthetics, 60322 Frankfurt am Main, Germany
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Department of Pediatrics and Adolescent Medicine, University Hospital Carl Gustav Carus Dresden, Technical University Dresden, 01397 Dresden, Germany
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Dr von Hauner Children’s Hospital, LMU Munich Munich, Germany and German Center for Lung Research (DZL), 80336 Munich, Germany
8
Institute and Outpatient Clinic for Occupational, Social, and Environmental Medicine, University Hospital Munich (LMU), 80336 Munich, Germany
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2017, 14(11), 1325; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph14111325
Received: 1 September 2017 / Revised: 20 October 2017 / Accepted: 27 October 2017 / Published: 31 October 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Stress and Health)
We aimed to prospectively assess changes in chronic stress among young adults transitioning from high school to university or working life. A population-based cohort in Munich and Dresden (Germany) was followed from age 16–18 (2002–2003) to age 20–23 (2007–2009) (n = 1688). Using the Trier Inventory for the Assessment of Chronic Stress, two dimensions of stress at university or work were assessed: work overload and work discontent. In the multiple ordinal generalized estimating equations, socio-demographics, stress outside the workplace, and job history were additionally considered. At follow-up, 52% of the population were university students. Work overload increased statistically significantly from first to second follow-up, while work discontent remained constant at the population level. Students, compared to employees, reported a larger increase in work overload (adjusted odds ratio (OR): 1.33; 95% confidence interval (95% CI): 1.07, 1.67), while work discontent did not differ between the groups. In conclusion, work overload increases when young adults transition from school to university/job life, with university students experiencing the largest increase. View Full-Text
Keywords: work stress; longitudinal study; psychological effects; generalized estimation equations work stress; longitudinal study; psychological effects; generalized estimation equations
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MDPI and ACS Style

Herrera, R.; Berger, U.; Genuneit, J.; Gerlich, J.; Nowak, D.; Schlotz, W.; Vogelberg, C.; Von Mutius, E.; Weinmayr, G.; Windstetter, D.; Weigl, M.; Radon, K. Chronic Stress in Young German Adults: Who Is Affected? A Prospective Cohort Study. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2017, 14, 1325. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph14111325

AMA Style

Herrera R, Berger U, Genuneit J, Gerlich J, Nowak D, Schlotz W, Vogelberg C, Von Mutius E, Weinmayr G, Windstetter D, Weigl M, Radon K. Chronic Stress in Young German Adults: Who Is Affected? A Prospective Cohort Study. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2017; 14(11):1325. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph14111325

Chicago/Turabian Style

Herrera, Ronald; Berger, Ursula; Genuneit, Jon; Gerlich, Jessica; Nowak, Dennis; Schlotz, Wolff; Vogelberg, Christian; Von Mutius, Erika; Weinmayr, Gudrun; Windstetter, Doris; Weigl, Matthias; Radon, Katja. 2017. "Chronic Stress in Young German Adults: Who Is Affected? A Prospective Cohort Study" Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 14, no. 11: 1325. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph14111325

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