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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2017, 14(10), 1116;

School Bullying in Urban China: Prevalence and Correlation with School Climate

Institute for Disaster Management and Reconstruction, Sichuan University, Chengdu 610000, China
Center for Crisis Management Research, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084, China
School of Public Administration, Central South University, Changsha 410083, China
School of Government, Nanjing University, Nanjing 210008, China
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 28 August 2017 / Revised: 13 September 2017 / Accepted: 21 September 2017 / Published: 25 September 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Youth Violence as a Public Health Issue)
Full-Text   |   PDF [302 KB, uploaded 25 September 2017]


School violence and bullying in China is under investigated, though it has become a national concern recently. Using updated national representative survey data collected in 2016 from seven provinces across China, covering students from all pre-college school types (primary, middle, high and vocational schools), this paper analyzes the prevalence of school bullying and the correlation with several school attributes. The incidences of reported bullying, bullying others and witnessing bullying are 26.10%, 9.03% and 28.90%, respectively. Primary school students are more likely to be involved in bullying behaviors. Students from elite schools (leading schools) are also more likely to be involved. Relation with teachers, relation with peers and perceived academic achievement are protective factors. Being a boy is the only significant predictor of school bullying among the family and demographic characteristics used. The results highlight the importance of school climate on preventing school violence and bullying, and a whole-school intervention approach is needed for future intervention. View Full-Text
Keywords: school bullying; victim; perpetration; witness; China; school climate school bullying; victim; perpetration; witness; China; school climate
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).

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Han, Z.; Zhang, G.; Zhang, H. School Bullying in Urban China: Prevalence and Correlation with School Climate. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2017, 14, 1116.

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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health EISSN 1660-4601 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
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