Meta-Analysis of Cardiac Mortality in Three Cohorts of Carbon Black Production Workers
AbstractEpidemiological studies have demonstrated associations between airborne environmental particle exposure and cardiac disease and mortality; however, few have examined such effects from poorly soluble particles of low toxicity such as manufactured carbon black (CB) particles in the work place. We combined standardised mortality ratio (SMR) and Cox proportional hazards results from cohort studies of US, UK and German CB production workers. Under a common protocol, we analysed mortality from all causes, heart disease (HD), ischemic heart disease (IHD) and acute myocardial infarction (AMI). Fixed and random effects (RE) meta-regression models were fit for employment duration, and for overall cumulative and lugged quantitative CB exposure estimates. Full cohort meta-SMRs (RE) were 1.01 (95% confidence interval (CI) 0.79–1.29) for HD; 1.02 (95% CI 0.80–1.30) for IHD, and 1.08 (95% CI 0.74–1.59) for AMI mortality. For all three outcomes, meta-SMRs were heterogeneous, increased with time since first and time since last exposure, and peaked after 25–29 or 10–14 years, respectively. Meta-Cox coefficients showed no association with lugged duration of exposure. A small but imprecise increased AMI mortality risk was suggested for cumulative exposure (RE-hazards ratio (HR) = 1.10 per 100 mg/m3-years; 95% CI 0.92–1.31), but not for lugged exposures. Our results do not demonstrate that airborne CB exposure increases all-cause or cardiac disease mortality. View Full-Text
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Morfeld, P.; Mundt, K.A.; Dell, L.D.; Sorahan, T.; McCunney, R.J. Meta-Analysis of Cardiac Mortality in Three Cohorts of Carbon Black Production Workers. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2016, 13, 302.
Morfeld P, Mundt KA, Dell LD, Sorahan T, McCunney RJ. Meta-Analysis of Cardiac Mortality in Three Cohorts of Carbon Black Production Workers. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2016; 13(3):302.Chicago/Turabian Style
Morfeld, Peter; Mundt, Kenneth A.; Dell, Linda D.; Sorahan, Tom; McCunney, Robert J. 2016. "Meta-Analysis of Cardiac Mortality in Three Cohorts of Carbon Black Production Workers." Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 13, no. 3: 302.
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