Bread and Roses: A Gender Perspective on Environmental Justice and Public Health
3.1. Linking Gender and Environmental Justice
3.2. Distributional Environmental Justice
The green stuff from the garden, garden waste, they don’t come and collect it. You have to pay and I can’t afford it...On a Sunday night it’s like Beirut with all the garden waste being burnt so it is a big issue, you know, how to get rid of it... There’s fires all through the summer…one day they had to get the fire brigade out. People are burning the waste because they can’t afford to get it collected.
It’s putting everything on the individual. I mean, why should we be messing around with waste? The Council don’t have to do so much now as we have to spend time sorting it and it’s like with the electric, before they used to come and read the meters, they employed people to do that. Now they’ve laid them all off and we have to do it ourselves.
3.3. Procedural Environmental Justice
Most of the agencies... local governments, state, and federal governments are all run by men... And they tend to look down on women or minimize their information or their knowledge or their voice.(Lopez 12/02/2011 in )
They seem to walk all over us or send us people who don’t care who aren’t from the area. They go back and say what we want and then it just gets chucked in the bin.
There’s a lot of muddying the waters that goes on so you can’t really follow what’s happening. They don’t follow the processes they are supposed to or reply to things. You just end up getting confused and give up.
I’ve noticed a distinct increase in bullying, instead of calm discussion [in the Council meetings I go to]. You end up feeling hurt and disgusted and demoralised.
Dear Gayle, I am struggling with my “diversity champion” role as I don’t seem to get listened to. I think the local party think I am going to bring in all the working class and black people and they can just carry on doing what they are doing… [even though some of what they do is]…creating the barriers to people getting involved… We need support as many of us are from oppressed groups and cannot be expected to take on class and race prejudice and ignorance etc single handedly, as the dominant groups are in the habit of ignoring us.
No one I speak to in Lockleaze Environment Group or my other neighbours want or need any of this and it is frustrating to keep saying this without it ever being noted. We need more and better services and facilities, not more property development, roads and car parks...We want our voice to make a difference. I have been very actively involved, attending most of the meetings... I have made all these comments on many occasions at the meetings but they seem to have somehow disappeared or been distorted in the final document. Lockleaze Environment Group has not been mentioned once in this document.
3.4. Substantive Environmental Justice
4.1. Explanations for Gender-Based Environmental Injustices
A firm alliance between the established cancer institutions and the chemical, pharmaceutical and nuclear industries has formed the medical-industrial complex...What is stopping us [from getting serious about prevention] is the almost suffocating hold the medical-industrial complex retains over cancer policy, and the hugely powerful chemical industry’s interest in protecting its products. (p. 62)
4.2. Solutions to Gender-Based Environmental Injustice
“...the process of assessing the implications for women and men of any planned action, including legislation, policies or programmes, in all areas and at all levels. It is a strategy for making women’s as well as men’s concerns and experiences an integral dimension of the design, implementation, monitoring and evaluation of policies and programmes in all political, economic and societal spheres so that women and men benefit equally and inequality is not perpetuated. The ultimate goal is to achieve gender equality”. (p. 9)
Issues of environmental and social justice and gender mainstreaming should be given more careful consideration by national and local policy-makers. A fairer distribution of environment and health resources should be an integral responsibility of actors in the environment, spatial planning and sustainable development sectors...Countermeasures to prevent and mitigate inequalities must take into account the driving forces behind such inequalities. Thus action must be taken at multiple levels to:- uncouple the link between social determinants and environmental inequalities through targeted actions focusing on the most vulnerable and disadvantaged population groups;- stop and reverse environmental inequality trends by providing healthy environments for all. (p. v)
- improve daily living conditions
- tackle the inequitable distribution of power, money and resources
- measure and understand the problem and assess the impact of action  (p. 14).
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Bell, K. Bread and Roses: A Gender Perspective on Environmental Justice and Public Health. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2016, 13, 1005. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph13101005
Bell K. Bread and Roses: A Gender Perspective on Environmental Justice and Public Health. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2016; 13(10):1005. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph13101005Chicago/Turabian Style
Bell, Karen. 2016. "Bread and Roses: A Gender Perspective on Environmental Justice and Public Health" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 13, no. 10: 1005. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph13101005