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Open AccessArticle

Factors Associated with Suicidal Ideation and Suicide Attempt among School-Going Urban Adolescents in Peru

by Bimala Sharma 1,2,3, Eun Woo Nam 1,2,3,*, Ha Yun Kim 1,3 and Jong Koo Kim 1,4
1
Yonsei Global Health Center, Yonsei University, 1 Yonseidae-gil, Wonju City, Gangwon-do, 220-710, Korea
2
Institute for Poverty Alleviation and International Development, Yonsei University, 1 Yonseidae-gil, Wonju City, Gangwon-do, 220-710, Korea
3
Department of Health Administration, Graduate School, Yonsei University, 1 Yonseidae-gil, Wonju City, Gangwon-do, 220-710, Korea
4
Department of Family Medicine, Wonju College of Medicine, Yonsei University, Wonju City, Gangwon-do, 220-710, Korea
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Danuta Wasserman
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2015, 12(11), 14842-14856; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph121114842
Received: 19 September 2015 / Revised: 7 November 2015 / Accepted: 16 November 2015 / Published: 20 November 2015
The study examines the prevalence of suicidal ideation and suicide attempt, and associated factors among school-going urban adolescents in Peru. A cross-sectional survey was conducted in a sample of 916 secondary school adolescents in 2014. A structured questionnaire adapted from Global School-based Student Health Survey was used to obtain information. Data were analyzed using logistic regression models at 5% level of significance. Overall, 26.3% reported having suicidal ideation, and 17.5% reported having attempted suicide during the past 12 months. Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that female sex, being in a fight, being insulted, being attacked, perceived unhappiness, smoking and sexual intercourse initiation were significantly associated with increased risk of suicidal ideation, while female sex, being in a fight, being insulted, being attacked, perceived unhappiness, alcohol and illicit drug use were related to suicide attempt. The prevalence of suicidal ideation and suicide attempts observed in the survey area is relatively high. Female adolescents are particularly vulnerable to report suicidal ideation and suicide attempt. Interventions that address the issue of violence against adolescents, fighting with peers, health risk behaviors particularly initiation of smoking, alcohol and illicit drug use and encourage supportive role of parents may reduce the risk of suicidal behaviors. View Full-Text
Keywords: suicidal ideation; suicide attempt; factors; adolescents; Peru suicidal ideation; suicide attempt; factors; adolescents; Peru
MDPI and ACS Style

Sharma, B.; Nam, E.W.; Kim, H.Y.; Kim, J.K. Factors Associated with Suicidal Ideation and Suicide Attempt among School-Going Urban Adolescents in Peru. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2015, 12, 14842-14856.

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