Next Article in Journal
Prevalence, Patterns and Correlates of Cigarette Smoking in Male Adolescents in Northern Jordan, and the Influence of Waterpipe Use and Asthma Diagnosis: A Descriptive Cross-Sectional Study
Next Article in Special Issue
Survival of Salmonella enterica in Aerated and Nonaerated Wastewaters from Dairy Lagoons
Previous Article in Journal
Strong Associations Between the Pesticide Hexachlorocyclohexane and Type 2 Diabetes in Saudi Adults
Previous Article in Special Issue
Identification of Diarrheagenic Escherichia coli Strains from Avian Organic Fertilizers
Open AccessArticle

Climatic Factors and Community — Associated Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus aureus Skin and Soft-Tissue Infections — A Time-Series Analysis Study

1
Department of Public Health Sciences (Global health/IHCAR), Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm 17177, Sweden
2
Department of Microbiology, Kalinga Institute of Medical Sciences (KIMS), Super Religare Laboratories Limited, Kalinga Hospital, Bhubaneswar 751024, India
3
Department of Paediatrics, R.D. Gardi Medical College, Ujjain 456006, India
4
Department of Women and Children's Health, International Maternal and Child Health Unit, Uppsala University, SE 751 85 Uppsala, Sweden
5
Indian Initiative for Management of Antibiotic Resistance (IIMAR), Department of Environmental Medicine, R.D. Gardi Medical College, Ujjain 456006, India
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2014, 11(9), 8996-9007; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph110908996
Received: 23 June 2014 / Revised: 22 August 2014 / Accepted: 26 August 2014 / Published: 29 August 2014
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Environmental Determinants of Infectious Disease Transmission)
Skin and soft tissue infections caused by Staphylococcus aureus (SA-SSTIs) including methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) have experienced a significant surge all over the world. Changing climatic factors are affecting the global burden of dermatological infections and there is a lack of information on the association between climatic factors and MRSA infections. Therefore, association of temperature and relative humidity (RH) with occurrence of SA-SSTIs (n = 387) and also MRSA (n = 251) was monitored for 18 months in the outpatient clinic at a tertiary care hospital located in Bhubaneswar, Odisha, India. The Kirby-Bauer disk diffusion method was used for antibiotic susceptibility testing. Time-series analysis was used to investigate the potential association of climatic factors (weekly averages of maximum temperature, minimum temperature and RH) with weekly incidence of SA-SSTIs and MRSA infections. The analysis showed that a combination of weekly average maximum temperature above 33 °C coinciding with weekly average RH ranging between 55% and 78%, is most favorable for the occurrence of SA-SSTIs and MRSA and within these parameters, each unit increase in occurrence of MRSA was associated with increase in weekly average maximum temperature of 1.7 °C (p = 0.044) and weekly average RH increase of 10% (p = 0.097). View Full-Text
Keywords: skin and soft tissue infections; Staphylococcus aureus; methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA); temperature; relative humidity; time-series analysis; antibiotic susceptibility testing skin and soft tissue infections; Staphylococcus aureus; methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA); temperature; relative humidity; time-series analysis; antibiotic susceptibility testing
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Sahoo, K.C.; Sahoo, S.; Marrone, G.; Pathak, A.; Lundborg, C.S.; Tamhankar, A.J. Climatic Factors and Community — Associated Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus aureus Skin and Soft-Tissue Infections — A Time-Series Analysis Study. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2014, 11, 8996-9007.

AMA Style

Sahoo KC, Sahoo S, Marrone G, Pathak A, Lundborg CS, Tamhankar AJ. Climatic Factors and Community — Associated Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus aureus Skin and Soft-Tissue Infections — A Time-Series Analysis Study. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2014; 11(9):8996-9007.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Sahoo, Krushna C.; Sahoo, Soumyakanta; Marrone, Gaetano; Pathak, Ashish; Lundborg, Cecilia S.; Tamhankar, Ashok J. 2014. "Climatic Factors and Community — Associated Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus aureus Skin and Soft-Tissue Infections — A Time-Series Analysis Study" Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 11, no. 9: 8996-9007.

Find Other Styles

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Only visits after 24 November 2015 are recorded.
Search more from Scilit
 
Search
Back to TopTop