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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2014, 11(8), 8552-8566;

HIV Risky Sexual Behaviors and HIV Infection Among Immigrants: A Cross-Sectional Study in Lisbon, Portugal

Instituto de Higiene e Medicina Tropical - Centro de Malária e Outras Doenças Tropicais, Universidade Nova de Lisboa, Rua da Junqueira n° 100, Lisboa 1349-008, Portugal
Faculdade de Motricidade Humana, Universidade de Lisboa, Estrada da Costa, Cruz Quebrada–Dafundo 1499-002, Portugal
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 1 July 2014 / Revised: 23 July 2014 / Accepted: 12 August 2014 / Published: 20 August 2014
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Migrant Health)
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This study aimed to examine risky sexual behavior, its associated factors and HIV infection among immigrants. A participatory cross-sectional survey was conducted with 1187 immigrants at the National Immigrant Support Centre, in Lisbon (52.2% female; 34.0% Africans, 33.8% Brazilians, 32.2% Eastern Europeans). About 38% of participants reported ≥2 sexual partners in the previous year, 16.2% both regular and occasional sexual partners (last 12 months), 33.1% inconsistent condom use with occasional partners, and 64% no condom use in the last sexual intercourse. Unprotected sex in the last sexual intercourse was more likely among women, Africans, those older, with elementary education, those married and those who didn’t receive free condoms in the previous year. No condom use was less likely among those having only occasional sexual partners and both regular and occasional sexual partners. One third of participants had never been tested for HIV. Those never tested reported more frequently inconsistent condom use than those ever tested. Overall, 2.0% reported being HIV positive (2.5% of men; 4.4% of Africans); 4.3% admitted having a STI in previous year. HIV-positive immigrants reported high-risk sexual behaviors. Tailored interventions to promote awareness of HIV serostatus among immigrants as well as culturally adapted risk reduction strategies should be strengthened. View Full-Text
Keywords: immigrants; HIV infection; risky sexual behavior immigrants; HIV infection; risky sexual behavior
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 3.0).

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Dias, S.; Marques, A.; Gama, A.; Martins, M.O. HIV Risky Sexual Behaviors and HIV Infection Among Immigrants: A Cross-Sectional Study in Lisbon, Portugal. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2014, 11, 8552-8566.

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