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Article

An Early Warning System Based on Syndromic Surveillance to Detect Potential Health Emergencies among Migrants: Results of a Two-Year Experience in Italy

1
National Centre for Epidemiology, Surveillance and Health Promotion, National Institute of Health (Istituto Superiore di Sanità, ISS), Viale Regina Elena, 299-00161 Rome, Italy
2
Department of Prevention and Communication, Ministry of Health, Via Ribotta, 5-00144 Rome, Italy
3
Coordinamento Gruppo Interregionale Sanità Pubblica e Screening, Via Dorsoduro, 3494/A-30123 Venezia, Italy
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2014, 11(8), 8529-8541; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph110808529
Received: 26 June 2014 / Revised: 29 July 2014 / Accepted: 8 August 2014 / Published: 20 August 2014
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Migrant Health)
Profound geopolitical changes have impacted the southern and eastern Mediterranean since 2010 and defined a context of instability that is still affecting several countries today. Insecurity combined with the reduction of border controls has led to major population movements in the region and to migration surges from affected countries to southern Europe, especially to Italy. To respond to the humanitarian emergency triggered by this migration surge, Italy implemented a syndromic surveillance system in order to rapidly detect potential public health emergencies in immigrant reception centres. This system was discontinued after two years. This paper presents the results of this experience detailing its strengths and weaknesses in order to document the applicability and usefulness of syndromic surveillance in this specific context. View Full-Text
Keywords: migrant influx; early warning; syndromic surveillance; Italy migrant influx; early warning; syndromic surveillance; Italy
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MDPI and ACS Style

Napoli, C.; Riccardo, F.; Declich, S.; Dente, M.G.; Pompa, M.G.; Rizzo, C.; Rota, M.C.; Bella, A.; The National Working Group. An Early Warning System Based on Syndromic Surveillance to Detect Potential Health Emergencies among Migrants: Results of a Two-Year Experience in Italy. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2014, 11, 8529-8541. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph110808529

AMA Style

Napoli C, Riccardo F, Declich S, Dente MG, Pompa MG, Rizzo C, Rota MC, Bella A, The National Working Group. An Early Warning System Based on Syndromic Surveillance to Detect Potential Health Emergencies among Migrants: Results of a Two-Year Experience in Italy. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2014; 11(8):8529-8541. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph110808529

Chicago/Turabian Style

Napoli, Christian, Flavia Riccardo, Silvia Declich, Maria G. Dente, Maria G. Pompa, Caterina Rizzo, Maria C. Rota, Antonino Bella, and The National Working Group. 2014. "An Early Warning System Based on Syndromic Surveillance to Detect Potential Health Emergencies among Migrants: Results of a Two-Year Experience in Italy" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 11, no. 8: 8529-8541. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph110808529

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