Next Article in Journal
Correction: Whiley, H., et al. Detection of Legionella, L. pneumophila and Mycobacterium Avium Complex (MAC) along Potable Water Distribution Pipelines. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2014, 11, 7393–7405
Next Article in Special Issue
Daily Physical Activity and Screen Time, but Not Other Sedentary Activities, Are Associated with Measures of Obesity during Childhood
Previous Article in Journal
Estimating the Costs and Benefits of Providing Free Public Transit Passes to Students in Los Angeles County: Lessons Learned in Applying a Health Lens to Decision-Making
Previous Article in Special Issue
WHO European Childhood Obesity Surveillance Initiative: School Nutrition Environment and Body Mass Index in Primary Schools
Open AccessArticle

Overweight and Obesity in Portuguese Children: Prevalence and Correlates

1
CIFI2D, Kinanthropometry Lab, Faculty of Sport, University of Porto, Rua Dr. Plácido Costa, 91, 4200-450 Porto, Portugal
2
Pennington Biomedical Research Center, Louisiana State University, 6400 Perkins Rd., Baton Rouge, LA 70808, USA
3
CAPES Foundation, Ministry of Education of Brazil, Brasília DF 70040-020, Brazil
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2014, 11(11), 11398-11417; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph111111398
Received: 10 September 2014 / Revised: 22 October 2014 / Accepted: 27 October 2014 / Published: 3 November 2014
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Childhood Obesity: Novel Approaches to a Global Problem)
There are widespread differences in overweight/obesity prevalence in children, and understanding the reasons for this is very important. The present study aims: (I) to conduct a meta-analysis on overweight/obesity prevalence in Portuguese children; (II) to identify differences in biological and behavioural characteristics between normal-weight and overweight/obese children; and (III) to investigate the importance of individual- and school-level correlates of variation in children’s BMI using multilevel modelling. A search was done for all published papers including Portuguese children during the last decade; further, 686 Portuguese children (9–11 years old) were sampled and their BMI, family income, maturity offset, nutritional habits, physical activity, sedentariness, sleep time, and school environment information were collected. Results showed a stabilization of overweight/obesity during the last decade, 30.6% (95%CI: 0.287–0.34) for boys, 28.4% (95%CI: 0.23–0.35) for girls, and 30.3% (95%CI: 0.27–0.34) for boys and girls together. Differences between weight groups were only found in individual-level biological traits. The multilevel analysis did not identify significant contributions of school-level variables to children’s BMI variation. In conclusion, no increase was found in the prevalence of overweight/obesity among Portuguese children since 2000. Normal-weight and overweight/obese children only differ in individual-level characteristics, and school context variables were not related to variation in BMI. View Full-Text
Keywords: overweight; obesity; children; school; correlates overweight; obesity; children; school; correlates
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Gomes, T.N.; Katzmarzyk, P.T.; Dos Santos, F.K.; Souza, M.; Pereira, S.; Maia, J.A.R. Overweight and Obesity in Portuguese Children: Prevalence and Correlates. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2014, 11, 11398-11417. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph111111398

AMA Style

Gomes TN, Katzmarzyk PT, Dos Santos FK, Souza M, Pereira S, Maia JAR. Overweight and Obesity in Portuguese Children: Prevalence and Correlates. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2014; 11(11):11398-11417. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph111111398

Chicago/Turabian Style

Gomes, Thayse N.; Katzmarzyk, Peter T.; Dos Santos, Fernanda K.; Souza, Michele; Pereira, Sara; Maia, José A.R. 2014. "Overweight and Obesity in Portuguese Children: Prevalence and Correlates" Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 11, no. 11: 11398-11417. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph111111398

Find Other Styles

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Only visits after 24 November 2015 are recorded.
Search more from Scilit
 
Search
Back to TopTop