Estimating the Costs and Benefits of Providing Free Public Transit Passes to Students in Los Angeles County: Lessons Learned in Applying a Health Lens to Decision-Making
2. Methods of the Health Impact Assessment
2.1. Proposal Background
2.2. HIA Scope and Methods
3. Major Findings and Recommendations from the Health Impact Assessment
3.1. Potential Costs
|Enrollment Status||Population Size *||Use of Public Transit † (%)||Average Number of Weekly Trips||Share of Total Weekly Fares Revenue ‡ (%)||Cumulative Cost Relative to Total Fare Revenue (%)|
|Kindergarten through 8th grade||1,177,400||4.1||8.7||2.5||3|
|9th through 12th grade||642,500||15.4||7.7||4.5||7|
|College, trade, and other students||976,300||17.3||8.0||13.7||21|
3.2. Potential Benefits
|Increase in school attendance|
|Decrease in contact with juvenile justice system|
|Increase in available funds for schools|
|Healthier families and communities|
3.3. Recommendations and Stakeholder Response
4. Lessons Learned
4.1. A Broad Conceptualization of the Potential Policy Impacts Brings Opportunities and Challenges
4.2. Need for Data to Reliably Estimate the Potential Impacts on Sub-Populations
4.3. HIA is One Component of a Comprehensive Policy Assessment Strategy
4.4. Public Health’s Role in Cross-Sector Work Is Not Universally Acknowledged
Conflicts of Interest
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Gase, L.N.; Kuo, T.; Teutsch, S.; Fielding, J.E. Estimating the Costs and Benefits of Providing Free Public Transit Passes to Students in Los Angeles County: Lessons Learned in Applying a Health Lens to Decision-Making. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2014, 11, 11384-11397. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph111111384
Gase LN, Kuo T, Teutsch S, Fielding JE. Estimating the Costs and Benefits of Providing Free Public Transit Passes to Students in Los Angeles County: Lessons Learned in Applying a Health Lens to Decision-Making. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2014; 11(11):11384-11397. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph111111384Chicago/Turabian Style
Gase, Lauren N., Tony Kuo, Steven Teutsch, and Jonathan E. Fielding. 2014. "Estimating the Costs and Benefits of Providing Free Public Transit Passes to Students in Los Angeles County: Lessons Learned in Applying a Health Lens to Decision-Making" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 11, no. 11: 11384-11397. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph111111384