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Longitudinal 2-Year Follow-up on the Effect of a Non-Randomised School-Based Physical Activity Intervention on Reducing Overweight and Obesity of Czech Children Aged 10–12 Years

by *,† and
Center for Kinanthropology Research, Institute of Active Lifestyle, Faculty of Physical Culture, Palacky University in Olomouc, Tr. Miru 115, Olomouc 77111, Czech Republic
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
These authors contributed equally to this work.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2013, 10(8), 3667-3683; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph10083667
Received: 28 June 2013 / Revised: 13 August 2013 / Accepted: 14 August 2013 / Published: 16 August 2013
Background: This study assessed whether the benefits of a 2-year longitudinal non-randomised school-based physical activity (PA) intervention programme to reduce overweight and obesity were still apparent two years after completion of the controlled intervention. Methods: The study involved 84 girls (G) and 92 boys (B) aged 10–12 years who had participated in the PA intervention in 2006–2008 as 6- to 9-year olds and were included in the intervention (I) (43 G and 45 B) and the control (C) groups (41 G and 47 B). Participants’ overweight/obesity was assessed using the percentile graph of Body Mass Index (BMI) from the World Health Organization for girls and boys aged 5–19. Logistic regression (Enter method) determined the overweight/obesity occurrence in a follow-up measurement (2010) two years after completion of the controlled intervention was used. Results: Two years after the controlled PA intervention had finished, the intervention children were less likely to be overweight/obese than the control children (2.3%GI vs. 17.1%GC, 6.7%BI vs. 23.4%BC, odds ratio: 0.25; 95% confidence interval: 0.12; 0.53; p < 0.001). Conclusions: The current study indicates favourable effects of an everyday school-based PA intervention programme on lower overweight/obesity incidence, which was maintained two years after the end of the direct involvement of the researchers. View Full-Text
Keywords: obesity; physical activity; after-school care; steps; Yamax pedometer obesity; physical activity; after-school care; steps; Yamax pedometer
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MDPI and ACS Style

Sigmund, E.; Sigmundová, D. Longitudinal 2-Year Follow-up on the Effect of a Non-Randomised School-Based Physical Activity Intervention on Reducing Overweight and Obesity of Czech Children Aged 10–12 Years. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2013, 10, 3667-3683. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph10083667

AMA Style

Sigmund E, Sigmundová D. Longitudinal 2-Year Follow-up on the Effect of a Non-Randomised School-Based Physical Activity Intervention on Reducing Overweight and Obesity of Czech Children Aged 10–12 Years. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2013; 10(8):3667-3683. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph10083667

Chicago/Turabian Style

Sigmund, Erik; Sigmundová, Dagmar. 2013. "Longitudinal 2-Year Follow-up on the Effect of a Non-Randomised School-Based Physical Activity Intervention on Reducing Overweight and Obesity of Czech Children Aged 10–12 Years" Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 10, no. 8: 3667-3683. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph10083667

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