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Open AccessFeature PaperReview

Bioactive Properties of Marine Phenolics

1
Institute of Food Science, Technology and Nutrition (ICTAN-CSIC), Spanish National Research Council (CSIC), José Antonio Nováis 10, 28040 Madrid, Spain
2
Department of Chemical and Bioprocess Engineering, Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile, Macul, Santiago 7810000, Chile
3
CINBIO, Department of Chemical Engineering, Faculty of Sciences, Campus Ourense, Universidade de Vigo, As Lagoas, 32004 Ourense, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Mar. Drugs 2020, 18(10), 501; https://doi.org/10.3390/md18100501
Received: 7 August 2020 / Revised: 15 September 2020 / Accepted: 25 September 2020 / Published: 30 September 2020
Phenolic compounds from marine organisms are far less studied than those from terrestrial sources since their structural diversity and variability require powerful analytical tools. However, both their biological relevance and potential properties make them an attractive group deserving increasing scientific interest. The use of efficient extraction and, in some cases, purification techniques can provide novel bioactives useful for food, nutraceutical, cosmeceutical and pharmaceutical applications. The bioactivity of marine phenolics is the consequence of their enzyme inhibitory effect and antimicrobial, antiviral, anticancer, antidiabetic, antioxidant, or anti-inflammatory activities. This review presents a survey of the major types of phenolic compounds found in marine sources, as well as their reputed effect in relation to the occurrence of dietary and lifestyle-related diseases, notably type 2 diabetes mellitus, obesity, metabolic syndrome, cancer and Alzheimer’s disease. In addition, the influence of marine phenolics on gut microbiota and other pathologies is also addressed. View Full-Text
Keywords: bromophenols; simple phenolics; flavonoids; phlorotannins; seawater; algae; seagrass; health benefits; biological activity bromophenols; simple phenolics; flavonoids; phlorotannins; seawater; algae; seagrass; health benefits; biological activity
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MDPI and ACS Style

Mateos, R.; Pérez-Correa, J.R.; Domínguez, H. Bioactive Properties of Marine Phenolics. Mar. Drugs 2020, 18, 501.

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