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Transcriptomic Analysis of Marine Gastropod Hemifusus tuba Provides Novel Insights into Conotoxin Genes

1,2,3,†, 2,†, 1, 1,3, 1,3, 1,2,3,* and 1,3,*
Key Laboratory of Applied Marine Biotechnology, Ministry of Education, Ningbo University, Ningbo 315211, China
Institute of Aquaculture, Faculty of Natural Sciences, University of Stirling, Stirling FK9 4LA, Scotland, UK
Collaborative Innovation Center for Zhejiang Marine High-efficiency and Healthy Aquaculture, Ningbo University, Ningbo 315211, China
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
These authors contributed equally to this work.
Mar. Drugs 2019, 17(8), 466;
Received: 6 July 2019 / Revised: 3 August 2019 / Accepted: 7 August 2019 / Published: 10 August 2019
PDF [1061 KB, uploaded 10 August 2019]


The marine gastropod Hemifusus tuba is served as a luxury food in Asian countries and used in traditional Chinese medicine to treat lumbago and deafness. The lack of genomic data on H. tuba is a barrier to aquaculture development and functional characteristics of potential bioactive molecules are poorly understood. In the present study, we used high-throughput sequencing technologies to generate the first transcriptomic database of H. tuba. A total of 41 unique conopeptides were retrieved from 44 unigenes, containing 6-cysteine frameworks belonging to four superfamilies. Duplication of mature regions and alternative splicing were also found in some of the conopeptides, and the de novo assembly identified a total of 76,306 transcripts with an average length of 824.6 nt, of which including 75,620 (99.1%) were annotated. In addition, simple sequence repeats (SSRs) detection identified 14,000 unigenes containing 20,735 SSRs, among which, 23 polymorphic SSRs were screened. Thirteen of these markers could be amplified in Hemifusus ternatanus and seven in Rapana venosa. This study provides reports of conopeptide genes in Buccinidae for the first time as well as genomic resources for further drug development, gene discovery and population resource studies of this species. View Full-Text
Keywords: Hemifusus tuba; transcriptome; conotoxin; simple sequence repeats Hemifusus tuba; transcriptome; conotoxin; simple sequence repeats

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Li, R.; Bekaert, M.; Wu, L.; Mu, C.; Song, W.; Migaud, H.; Wang, C. Transcriptomic Analysis of Marine Gastropod Hemifusus tuba Provides Novel Insights into Conotoxin Genes. Mar. Drugs 2019, 17, 466.

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